Reasons for Outbreak of WWII

Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Mind Map on Reasons for Outbreak of WWII, created by AceJY on 06/13/2014.

Tags No tags specified
Created by AceJY over 5 years ago
WWII 1942-1945
Causes of WWII
Chloe Li
European Theatre
Erin and Sara
Macbeth Themes
USA stock market collapse
Emily Tisch
Interwar Period
Chamberlain's policy of appeasement and the outbreak of WWII Quiz
Leah Firmstone
The Treaty of Versailles
William Davenport
Pacific Theatre
Reasons for Outbreak of WWII
1 Weakness of League of Nations
1.1 Failure of Disarmament
1.1.1 Meant that powerful countries still had the military capacity for war
1.1.2 Reasons: Major powers not cooperative Unwillingness to disarm Distrust among countries USA(not member) - commanded more respect than League Britain & France - refuse to compromise General atmosphere of distrust & tensions - WWII
1.1.3 Examples: Washington Naval Conference,1921 (success) World Disarmament Conference, 1932-1934 (failure)
1.2 Abyssinian Crisis
1.2.1 Common borders with British colonies, closer to Europe - more reason for LON to intervene when Italy invaded Abyssinia
1.2.2 However, Britain & France did not want to make Italy enemy - resulted LON's failure to stop Italy & signalled its demise IMPACTS: Mussolini & Hitler even bolder in their ambitions
2 Hitler's Expansionist Policy
2.1 Withdrawal from the LON & Geneva Disarmament Conference
2.1.1 Allows Hitler to pursue his aggressive foreign policy without objections from the LON & allowed Germany's rearmament
2.2 Conscription & Rearmament
2.2.1 Massive rearmament programme - 550000 army
2.2.2 Allies still have a stronger military than Germany - could keep Germany in check - However, pacifist mood & weakness of LON led Hitler free to transform Germany
2.2.3 Remilitarisation of the Rhineland France & Britain did nothing - distracted by Abyssinian Crisis - Hitler had no resistance - standing increased tremendously - bolder
2.3 German Involvement in Spanish Civil War
2.3.1 LON's lack of intervention strengthen Hitler's view that Britain & France were weak - more aggressive
2.4 German Unification with Austria
2.4.1 Many Austrians & Germans wanted union due to TOV - Hitler pressurised the Austrian Chancellor to agree - Austria annexed - Germany achieved union without conflict (Britain & France did nothing) - Austria's resources at Hitler's disposal
2.5 Czechoslovakia
2.5.1 Munich Agreement Britain.France,Hitler,Mussolini signed the Munich Agreement that Germany would gain control of Sudetenland - No fight - Hitler more ambitious
2.5.2 Invasion of Czechslovakia Czechs & Allies didn't fight back - Hitler could not be trusted
2.6 Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
2.6.1 Germany & Soviet Union wouldn't attack each other so that Hitler could take over Poland
2.7 Invasion of Poland
2.7.1 Hitler demanded for Danzig & Polish Corridor - negotiatons broke down -Hitler invaded Poland - Britain & France declared war
3 Policy of Appeasement
3.1 Reasons
3.1.1 Fear of another Major War -Britain & France not military prepared + disliked war
3.1.2 Weakness of LON - ineffective in solving disputes - resulted British to adopt appeasement to satisfy Hitler
3.1.3 Buying Time to Rearm
3.1.4 Genuine Sympathy for Germany over TOV - too harsh - giving in to Hitler would help prevent another war
3.1.5 Chamberlain's misjudgement of Hitler - thought Hitler was trustworthy - thought he would cease demands after controlling Sudetenland
3.1.6 Fear of Communism - saw Hitler as a potential ally against communism
3.2 Examples
3.2.1 Anglo-German Naval Agreement British allowed Germany to have navy - reduce German's anger & stabilise Europe - anger French & confused British - further encouraged Hitler to be more aggressive
3.2.2 Lack of Action against Hitler's Acts of Aggression
3.2.3 Munich Agreement Hitler more aggressive

Media attachments