Biology Unit 3: Detecting & Responding

sammieroxas
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

VCE (Victorian Certificate of Education) Biology Mind Map on Biology Unit 3: Detecting & Responding, created by sammieroxas on 06/26/2014.

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sammieroxas
Created by sammieroxas over 5 years ago
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Biology Unit 3: Detecting & Responding
1 Stimulus Response Model
1.1 Stimulus
1.1.1 Receptor
1.1.1.1 Communication System
1.1.1.1.1 Effector
1.1.1.1.1.1 Response
1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Feedback
2 Body Systems
2.1 Nervous
2.1.1 Neurons
2.1.1.1 Motor
2.1.1.2 Sensory
2.1.1.3 Connecting
2.1.2 Brain and Spine (CNS)
2.1.3 (PNS)
2.1.4 Action/Resting Potentials
2.1.4.1 Depolarisation
2.1.4.2 Repolarisation
2.1.4.3 Refactory Period
2.1.4.4 Synapes
2.1.4.5 Neurotransmitters
2.2 Skeletal
2.3 Muscular
2.4 Endocrine
2.4.1 Hormones
2.4.2 Glands
2.5 Cardiovasular
2.6 Lymphatic
2.7 Respiratory
2.8 Digestive
2.9 Uninary
2.10 Reproductive
3 Signals
3.1 Paracrine
3.2 Autocrine
3.3 Endocrine
3.4 Pheromones
3.5 Classification
3.5.1 Protein Based

Annotations:

  • CHON   lipophobic, hydrophillic
3.5.2 Amino Acid Derivative

Annotations:

  • CHON   lipophobic, hydrophillic
3.5.3 Lipid Based

Annotations:

  • CHO? lipophillic, hydrophobic eg. steroids, sex hormones 
3.6 Signal Transduction
3.7 Cellular Response
3.7.1 Apoptosis
3.8 Signal Cascade
4 Plants
4.1 Hormones
4.1.1 Gibberelin
4.1.2 Auxin
4.1.3 Cytokinins
4.1.4 Ethylene
4.1.5 Abscisic Acid
4.2 Defence
4.2.1 Physical
4.2.1.1 Bark
4.2.1.2 Cuticle
4.2.1.3 Cell Wall
4.2.2 Chemical
4.2.2.1 Enzymes
4.2.2.2 Toxic Compounds
4.2.3 Both Physical & Chemical
4.2.3.1 Galls
5 Pathogens
5.1 Cellular
5.1.1 Bacteria
5.1.2 Fungi
5.1.3 Single celled Protozoa
5.1.4 Multicellular Parasites

Annotations:

  • Endo/Exo
5.2 Non-Cellular
5.2.1 Viruses
5.2.2 Prions
5.3 Disease
5.3.1 Vaccine

Annotations:

  • Prevent Disease
5.3.2 Immunisation

Annotations:

  • acquiring immunity against disease
5.4 Vector
6 Anti-Pathogenic Substances
6.1 Antibacteria
6.2 Anitfungal
6.3 Anticeptic
6.4 Antiviral
6.5 Disinfectant
7 Immunity
7.1 Anitgens
7.1.1 Heavy & Light Chain
7.1.2 Binding Site
7.2 Innate Response (1st & 2nd Line)
7.2.1 1st Line
7.2.1.1 Intact Skin
7.2.1.2 Tears
7.2.1.3 Saliva
7.2.1.4 Sweat
7.2.2 2nd Line
7.2.2.1 Specialised Cells
7.2.2.1.1 Phagocytes
7.2.2.1.1.1 Macrophages
7.2.2.1.1.2 Neutrophils
7.2.2.1.2 Inflammatory Cells
7.2.2.1.2.1 Mast Cells
7.2.2.1.2.1.1 Histamine
7.2.2.1.3 Cytotoxic Cells
7.2.2.1.4 Dendritic Cells
7.2.2.1.5 Natural Killer Cells
7.2.2.2 Molecules
7.2.2.2.1 Complement Proteins
7.2.2.2.2 Interferons
7.2.2.2.3 Cytokines
7.3 Adaptive Response (3rd Line)
7.3.1 Humoral

Annotations:

  • In body fluid
7.3.1.1 B Cells
7.3.1.2 Antibodies
7.3.1.3 Helper T Cells
7.3.1.4 Cytokines
7.3.1.5 MHC I Marker
7.3.1.6 Memory B Cells
7.3.1.7 Plasma Cells
7.3.2 Cell Mediated

Annotations:

  • Within an infected cell
7.3.2.1 T Cells
7.3.2.2 Antigens
7.3.2.3 Cytokines
7.3.2.4 T Cell Receptors
7.3.2.5 Antigen Presenting Cells
7.3.2.5.1 Dendritic Cells
7.3.2.5.2 Macrophages
7.3.2.5.3 B Lymphocytes
7.3.2.6 MHC II Marker
7.3.2.7 Cytotoxic T Celll
7.3.2.8 Helper T Cell
7.3.2.9 Memory T Cells
7.4 Clonal Selection Theory
7.5 MHC Markers
7.6 Anitibodies

Annotations:

  • glycoproteins, also known as immunoglobulins
7.7 Autoimmune Diseases
7.7.1 Coeliac
7.7.2 Type 1 Diabetes
7.7.3 Rheumatoid arthritis
7.8 Immune Deficency
7.8.1 Allergies
7.8.1.1 Allergen

Annotations:

  • Pollen, Nuts etc.
7.8.2 Organ Transplant
7.9 Natural Acquired Immunity
7.9.1 Passive

Annotations:

  • Maternal Antibodies 
7.9.2 Active

Annotations:

  • undergoes humoral or cell medicated response
7.10 Artificial Acquired Immunity
7.10.1 Passive

Annotations:

  • antibody transfer (antibody serum for poison)
7.10.2 Active

Annotations:

  • immunisation
7.11 Target Cell

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