Elizabethan England

tipstricksskills
Mind Map by tipstricksskills, updated more than 1 year ago
tipstricksskills
Created by tipstricksskills over 5 years ago
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Mind Map on Elizabethan England, created by tipstricksskills on 06/30/2014.

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Elizabethan England
1 Elizabethan Sports
1.1 Two sports now considered inhumane were active twice a week in London. These "blood sports" thought by most people today to be too gruesome, cruel and violent, had great appeal for the Elizabethans. Large crowds of both men and women of all classes flocked to see bear baiting or bull baiting , and Elizabeth frequently used it to entertain visiting ambassadors. The average Elizabethan was not sensitive to the spectacle of physical suffering, either in human beings or in animals. Bearbaiting involved a bear tied to a stake by a long rope. The animal was put into a pit where four or five large, fierce dogs call mastiff (or in some cases, lions) were let in for the sole purpose of attacking the confined bear. Any dogs that might survive the bear's retaliation were pulled off just before the bear was killed. The dogs would be considered winners if the large animal was killed.
1.1.1 Hunting was a favorite pastime for people, especially rich people. Queen Elizabeth herself loved to hunt. The hunt allowed the rich nobles to show off their fine horses, hawks, clothing, and weapons.
1.1.1.1 Jousting was a popular sport that involved running at an opponent with a lance and trying to knock him off his horse. Shields and armor were involved, of course. Jousting tournaments were held for the rich; they were forbidden to common folk.
1.2 Bearbaiting
2 Elizabethan Clothing
2.1 Clothing wasn't just merely an insignificant thing in the days of Elizabethan England. In fact it is quite significant that there is even a law related to it. These laws stated the colors as well as the type of clothing an individual was allowed to own and wear. These laws were called 'Statutes of Apparel" and was enforced by the Queen herself in Greenwich on June 1574.
2.1.1 Elizabethan Clothing was part of the social order. The upper class of Elizabethan England wore elegant and luxurious clothing that were made of expensive velvet, exotic silk and satin
2.1.1.1 Quite the contrast to the luxurious clothing of the affluent was the clothing worn by peasants. They wore clothing made of simple materials such as English cotton, wool and leather
2.1.1.2 Women's Clothing
2.1.1.2.1 Gowns
2.1.1.2.1.1 Underclothing
2.1.1.2.1.1.1 Corsets
2.1.1.2.1.1.1.1 Hats
2.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1 Ruffs
2.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1 Fancy Jewellery
2.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Thick petticoats with skirts held up with hoops ad padded on the hips
2.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Very heavy!
2.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1.2 Worn around neck and wrists and become much larger later on!
2.1.1.3 Men's Clothing
2.1.1.3.1 Doublets
2.1.1.3.1.1 Underclothing
2.1.1.3.1.1.1 Breeches
2.1.1.3.1.1.1.1 Ruffs
2.1.1.3.1.1.1.1.1 Collars, hats & Shoes
3 Elizabethan Crime & Punishment
3.1 Torture & Punishment
3.1.1 Torture - the use of physical or mental pain
3.1.1.1 Used often to obtain information, punishment or control
3.1.2 Stretching
3.1.2.1 Burning
3.1.2.1.1 Beating
3.1.2.1.1.1 Suffocating a person with water
3.1.2.1.1.1.1 Punishment for poisoning during this period was to be boiled to death
3.1.2.1.1.2 You would have your right hand cut off if you were caught stealing
3.1.2.2 Rack
3.1.3 When Elizabeth took the throne torture was used more than any other period of history
3.1.4 The Brank, also known as the gossip's bridle, was a metal mask placed on a woman's head. Attached to it was a sharpened mouthpiece, sometimes covered with spikes, placed on the inside of her mouth. If the woman attempted to speak she would receive a painful repercussion on the tongue.
4 William Shakespeare
4.1 Born 23 April 1564
4.1.1 Married Anne Hathaway
4.1.1.1 Had 3 children, Susanna and twins Hamlet & Judith
4.1.1.1.1 Famous playwriter, actor and poet
4.1.1.1.1.1 Lived in Stratford Upton Avon
4.1.1.1.1.2 After writing Julius Caesar in 1599, Shakespeare is thought to have written Hamlet, historically thought of as his greatest masterpiece. To this day Hamlet is probably his most quoted and reproduced tragedy. It is also Shakespeare’s longest play
4.1.2 Died 23 April 1616
4.1.2.1 Aged 52
5 Elizabethan Food
5.1 Food was a major part of Elizabethan Times. Their diet was much healthier than it is today!
5.1.1 Instead of normal bread may ate MANCHETS
5.1.1.1 Manchets
5.1.1.1.1 A round loaf which weighed about six pounds when cooked.
5.1.1.2 Butter was used to add flavour to breads
5.1.1.2.1 Eggs & pancakes were a popular Breakfast
5.1.1.2.1.1 Water was the main drink, but as farmers became more important other drinks like milk were introduced - milk for healthy bones!
5.1.1.2.1.1.1 Popular wine based drink was called CAUDLE
5.1.2 Middle and lower classes ate lots of POTAGES and STEWS
5.1.2.1 POTAGES was the soaking of roots, leaves, seeds, nuts and berries
5.2 Most people carried a general purpose dagger shaped knife. There were no forks until the 18th century
5.2.1 It was OK to have a big burp after you'd eaten and throw the bones on the floor
6 Queen Elizabeth 1
6.1 Reigned as Queen from 17th November 1558 - 24 March 1603
6.1.1 44 Years
6.1.2 Age 25
6.2 Daughter of King Henry VIII & second wife Anne Boleyn
6.2.1 Pictured wearing thick white make up which was apparently fashionable at the time Elizabeth did it to cover up scars left from small pox
6.2.1.1 She understood English, Latin, Greek, Italian, French, Spanish, Welsh and Cornish
6.2.1.1.1 She wore a frog shaped earring given to her as a gift from the Duke of Anjou - probably because she called him her "frog"
6.3 Queen Elizabeth I never married and never had any children. For this reason, she is sometimes known as The Virgin Queen. As she didn't have any children, there was no heir to the throne in her family line (the Tudors), so the title went to the King of Scotland, James VI, who had some family link to Elizabeth somehow. He became King James I of England but continued ruling Scotland
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