1.1 Two sports now considered inhumane were active twice a week in London. These "blood sports" thought by most
people today to be too gruesome, cruel and violent, had great appeal for the Elizabethans. Large crowds of both
men and women of all classes flocked to see bear baiting or bull baiting , and Elizabeth frequently used it to
entertain visiting ambassadors. The average Elizabethan was not sensitive to the spectacle of physical suffering,
either in human beings or in animals. Bearbaiting involved a bear tied to a stake by a long rope. The animal was
put into a pit where four or five large, fierce dogs call mastiff (or in some cases, lions) were let in for the sole
purpose of attacking the confined bear. Any dogs that might survive the bear's retaliation were pulled off just before
the bear was killed. The dogs would be considered winners if the large animal was killed.
1.1.1 Hunting was a favorite pastime for people, especially rich people. Queen Elizabeth herself loved to hunt. The hunt
allowed the rich nobles to show off their fine horses, hawks, clothing, and weapons.
126.96.36.199 Jousting was a popular sport that involved running at an opponent with a lance and trying to knock him off his
horse. Shields and armor were involved, of course. Jousting tournaments were held for the rich; they were
forbidden to common folk.
2 Elizabethan Clothing
2.1 Clothing wasn't just merely an insignificant thing in the days of Elizabethan England. In fact it is quite
significant that there is even a law related to it. These laws stated the colors as well as the type of clothing an
individual was allowed to own and wear. These laws were called 'Statutes of Apparel" and was enforced by
the Queen herself in Greenwich on June 1574.
2.1.1 Elizabethan Clothing was part of the social order. The upper class of Elizabethan England wore
elegant and luxurious clothing that were made of expensive velvet, exotic silk and satin
188.8.131.52 Quite the contrast to the luxurious clothing of the affluent was the clothing worn by peasants. They wore
clothing made of simple materials such as English cotton, wool and leather
184.108.40.206 Women's Clothing
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1.1 Fancy Jewellery
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1.1.1 Thick petticoats with skirts held up with hoops ad padded on the hips
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11 Very heavy!
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.1.2 Worn around neck and wrists and become much larger later on!
126.96.36.199 Men's Clothing
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1 Collars, hats & Shoes
3 Elizabethan Crime & Punishment
3.1 Torture &
3.1.1 Torture - the use of physical or mental
220.127.116.11 Used often to obtain information, punishment or
18.104.22.168.1.1 Suffocating a person with water
22.214.171.124.1.1.1 Punishment for poisoning during this period was to be boiled
126.96.36.199.1.2 You would have your right hand cut off if you were caught
3.1.3 When Elizabeth took the throne torture was used more than any other period of
3.1.4 The Brank, also known as the gossip's bridle, was a metal mask placed on a woman's head. Attached to it
was a sharpened mouthpiece, sometimes covered with spikes, placed on the inside of her mouth. If the
woman attempted to speak she would receive a painful repercussion on the tongue.
4 William Shakespeare
4.1 Born 23 April 1564
4.1.1 Married Anne Hathaway
188.8.131.52 Had 3 children, Susanna and twins Hamlet & Judith
184.108.40.206.1 Famous playwriter, actor and poet
220.127.116.11.1.1 Lived in Stratford Upton Avon
18.104.22.168.1.2 After writing Julius Caesar in 1599, Shakespeare is thought to have written Hamlet, historically thought of as
his greatest masterpiece. To this day Hamlet is probably his most quoted and reproduced tragedy. It is also
Shakespeare’s longest play
4.1.2 Died 23 April 1616
22.214.171.124 Aged 52
5 Elizabethan Food
5.1 Food was a major part of Elizabethan Times. Their diet was much healthier than it is
5.1.1 Instead of normal bread may ate MANCHETS
126.96.36.199.1 A round loaf which
weighed about six
pounds when cooked.
188.8.131.52 Butter was used to add flavour to breads
184.108.40.206.1 Eggs & pancakes were a popular Breakfast
220.127.116.11.1.1 Water was the main drink, but as farmers became more important other drinks like milk were introduced - milk for healthy bones!
18.104.22.168.1.1.1 Popular wine based drink was called CAUDLE
5.1.2 Middle and lower classes ate lots of POTAGES and STEWS
22.214.171.124 POTAGES was the soaking of roots, leaves, seeds, nuts and berries
5.2 Most people carried a general purpose dagger shaped knife. There were no forks until the 18th century
5.2.1 It was OK to have a big burp after you'd eaten and throw the bones on the floor
6 Queen Elizabeth 1
6.1 Reigned as Queen from 17th November 1558 - 24 March 1603
6.1.1 44 Years
6.1.2 Age 25
6.2 Daughter of King Henry VIII & second wife Anne Boleyn
6.2.1 Pictured wearing thick white make up which was apparently fashionable at the time Elizabeth did it to cover up scars left from small pox
126.96.36.199 She understood English, Latin, Greek, Italian, French, Spanish, Welsh and
188.8.131.52.1 She wore a frog shaped earring given to her as a gift from the Duke of Anjou - probably because she called him her "frog"
6.3 Queen Elizabeth I never married and never had any children. For this reason, she is sometimes known as The
Virgin Queen. As she didn't have any children, there was no heir to the throne in her family line (the Tudors), so the
title went to the King of Scotland, James VI, who had some family link to Elizabeth somehow. He became King
James I of England but continued ruling Scotland