An unimmunized child

ali qwe
Mind Map by , created about 2 years ago

Mind Map on An unimmunized child, created by ali qwe on 10/27/2017.

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ali qwe
Created by ali qwe about 2 years ago
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An unimmunized child
1 organisms
1.1 may effect
1.1.1 host steps of infection Attachment to Host Invasion Colonization and Growth Adaptation Shedding From Body Cause Damage in Host by Endotoxin example E.coli, Salmonella typhi, Shigella exotoxin example Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Streptococcus pyogenes
1.2 can be
1.2.1 normal flora in the lungs Prevotella Sphingomonas Pseudomonas Veillonella Streptococcus Staphylococcus Acinetobacter Fusobacterium Megasphaera
1.2.2 harmful In the lung Moraxella catarrhalis Haemophilus influenza Streptococcus pneumoniae bordetela pertusis causes Whooping cough complication Encephalopathy Apnea Convulsions Pneumonia Rib fractures Death Loss of bladder control symptomes Sneezing Runny nose Low fever Mild coughing cough reflex phases inspiratory phase Compressive phase expiratory phase Prevention vaccine Immunization is the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease. Vaccines cause immunization but there are other ways in which the process can occur types ATTENUATED VACCINES contain a version of the living microbe that has been weakened in the lab so it can’t cause disease Measles, mumps, rubella INACTIVATED VACCINES Scientists produce inactivated vaccines by killing the disease-causing microbe with chemicals, heat, or radiation. Polio , Hepatitis A TOXOID VACCINES These vaccines are used when a bacterial toxin is the main cause of illness. Diphtheria, tetanus SUBUNIT VACCINES Instead of the entire microbe, subunit vaccines include only the antigens that best stimulate the immune system Hepatitis B, Influenza A & B CONJUGATE VACCINES If a bacterium possesses an outer coating of sugar molecules called polysaccharides, as many harmful bacteria do, researchers may try making a conjugate vaccine for it Neisseria , Streptococcus pneumoniae DNA VACCINES Once the genes from a microbe have been analyzed, scientists could attempt to create a DNA vaccine against it AIDS Type of admistration myth characteristics of good vaccine causes immunization epidimiology disease outbreak is the occurrence of cases of disease in excess of what would normally be expected in a defined community, geographical area or season Epidemic is the rapid spread of infectious disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time Pandamic is an infectious disease that has spread through human populations across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide types Active natural bacterial or viral invasion artificial Vaccine Passive natural From mother to child artificial Antibodies A vaccine is a product that produces immunity from a disease and can be administered in a variety of ways schadual Herd immunity Treatment and management Complementary If a non-mainstream practice is used together with conventional medicine Alternative If a non-mainstream practice is used in place of conventional medicine preventative Primal and Primodial prevention / Primary prevention / Secondary prevention / Tertiary prevention / Quaternary prevention