Organic Compounds

ashthehumangirl
Mind Map by ashthehumangirl, updated more than 1 year ago
ashthehumangirl
Created by ashthehumangirl over 5 years ago
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Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry Mind Map on Organic Compounds, created by ashthehumangirl on 08/04/2014.

Resource summary

Organic Compounds
1 Alkenes
1.1 -ene
1.2 C=C
1.3 CnH2n
1.4 Obtained by cracking alkanes
1.5 Unsaturated & reactive
1.5.1 Reacts with aqueous bromine(orange coloured) in which the product will be colourless
1.5.1.1 Addition Reaction
1.5.2 Add on to each other in presence of catalyst to form polymers
1.5.2.1 Polymerisation Reaction
1.6 Hydrocarbons
2 Alcohols
2.1 -ol
2.2 OH
2.3 CnH2n+1OH
2.4 Saturated
2.5 Production of Ethanol
2.5.1 Hydration of Ethene(Chemical Way)
2.5.1.1 Reversible & Exothermic
2.5.1.2 Ethene + Steam --> Ethanol + Energy
2.5.2 Fermentation(Biological Way)
3 Carboxylic Acids
3.1 CnH2n+1COOH
3.2 COOH
3.3 -oic acid
3.4 Production of Ethanoic Acid
3.4.1 Fermentation(Biological Way)
3.4.1.1 Takes a longer time
3.4.1.2 Ethanol left in air to be oxidised
3.4.2 Using Oxidation Agents(Chemical Way)
3.4.2.1 Faster rate of reaction
3.4.2.2 Oxidised by warming with potassium permanganate(VII)
3.5 Esters
3.5.1 Produced when a carboxylic acid reacts with an alcohol
3.5.2 COO-
3.5.3 Attractive smell & taste
3.5.3.1 Used in shampoo, food, etc.
4 Alkanes
4.1 -ane
4.2 C-C
4.3 Saturated & (generally)unreactive
4.4 Reacts with chlorine to produce hydrogen chloride & chloroalkanes
4.4.1 Substitution Reaction
4.4.2 Requires UV light; it is a photochemical reaction
4.5 CnH2n+2
4.6 Burns in air to produce carbon dioxide, water & heat
4.6.1 Combustion Reaction
4.6.2 Requires plenty of oxygen for complete combustion & flame to ignite fuel

Annotations:

  • Incomplete combustion gives out poisonous carbon monoxide instead of carbon dioxde
4.7 Hydrocarbons
5 Isomers
5.1 Compounds with the same formula but different structures
5.2 Branched or straight chain
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