Why did the Nazis have little
success before 1930?
1 While Hitler was in prison, some of his supporters
formed the National Socialist Freedom Party, but in
December 1924 (Hitler's release) the party only won
14 seats in the Reichstag.
2 Hitler was determined to try and win
power legally, but Stresemann's policies
meant that there was very little support for
extremists like Hitler.
3 In 1925, Hitler divided Germany
into 34 districts & put a leading
Nazi in charge of each. He also
founded the Hitler Youth & the
Schutzstaffel (SS, personal
4 By the end of 1926 (after
readopting the original 25
point programme), the Nazi
Party had 50,000
members, & in 1927 held
its first Nuremberg rally.
5 It had become a nationally
known Party with a strong leader
& effective propaganda.
6 But despite all the
hard work, the
Nazis only won 12
seats (8th largest
party) in the 1928
7 Despite the constitution's use of proportional
representation as the method of electing
Reichstag deputies, the years following the
Munich Putsch were stable.
8 Political: A compromise was found. The LEFT parties wanted greater
change & more power for ordinary people. The RIGHT parties wanted little
change. This is conservative (conserve the country as it is). In Germany this
meant the restoration of the Kaiser & power in only one/ a few hands. The
CENTRE parties wanted moderate change. The 'Z' party was set up to
protect the interests of the R.C Church, so appealed to all 3 classes.
9 Economically: The period saw a gradual rise
in the standard of living of most Germans. But
certain sections of society (urban middle
class of state employees & tradesmen) were
becoming richer, & bankruptcies grew from
the farming sector.
10 Socially: people had more freedom than under
the Kaiser; the theatre put on plays that
criticised German life, paintings commented on
society & literature had a social message &
music reflected modern issues.