1750-1900 Killer Diseases

Greta Westwood
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Mind Map on 1750-1900 Killer Diseases, created by Greta Westwood on 05/28/2013.

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Greta Westwood
Created by Greta Westwood over 6 years ago
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1750-1900 Killer Diseases
1 Cholera
1.1 First arrived in Britain in 1831
1.2 Was frightening
1.2.1 People could die within a single day
1.3 It spread so quickly that thousands could die within a few weeks
1.4 How it is spread
1.4.1 Through bacteria passed on through food & water that have been contaminated by the excreta of an infected person
1.5 Effects
1.5.1 Sickness and diarrhoea; sufferer often dies within 24 hours
1.5.1.1 Up to two-thirds of sufferers died
2 Diphtheria
2.1 How it's spread
2.1.1 Through tiny droplets when coughing and sneezing or through contact with the soiled clothing of an infected person
2.2 Effects
2.2.1 Bleeding and sometimes paralysis; suffocation from a blocked throat often leads to death
2.2.1.1 The death rate was one in ten but it particularly affected children
2.2.1.1.1 And survivors took a long time to recover
3 Smallpox
3.1 How it's spread
3.1.1 By touch, or through tiny droplets when coughing or sneezing
3.2 Effects
3.2.1 A rash turns into blisters filled with pus
3.2.1.1 The blisters become crusted and fall off leaving deep scars
3.3 About a 3rd of all sufferers died
4 Tuberculosis
4.1 Spread through tiny droplets when coughing and sneezing
4.2 Effects
4.2.1 Coughing becomes constant
4.2.1.1 victim brings up blood
4.2.1.1.1 Chest pains
4.2.1.1.1.1 often severe weight loss
4.2.2 Nearly half of all sufferers died
5 Typhoid
5.1 How it's spread
5.1.1 Through bacteria passed on through food and water that have been contaminated by the excreta of an infected person or through food infected by flies
5.2 Effects
5.2.1 Headaches, fever, constipation and then severe diarrhoea
5.2.2 Up to one third of the sufferers died
5.2.2.1 Especially those who were already weak
5.2.2.1.1 The old
5.2.2.1.2 The young
5.2.2.1.3 The malnourished
6 Treating Cholera
6.1 (were all used against Cholera in the 19th century)
6.2 Burning the clothes and bedding of the dead person
6.3 Praying
6.4 Cleaning the house and scattering chloride of lime around (this was used in whitewash to make things look clean)
6.5 Smoking cigars
6.6 Using lucky charms
6.7 Burning barrels of tar/vinegar to create smoke on the streets
6.8 Making 'special mixtures' of liquids or pills that were supposed to cure all illnesses
7 During the Renaissance there had been a growing interest in science
7.1 This affected people's ideas about the causes of disease
7.1.1 By the 18th century they were less likely to blame disease on supernatural causes or unbalanced humours.
7.1.1.1 The search for a new explanation of illness based on natural causes now developed into two main theories
7.1.1.1.1 Miasma
7.1.1.1.1.1 Disease was caused by bad air that was filled with poisonous fumes from rotting matter
7.1.1.1.2 Spontaneous generation
7.1.1.1.2.1 Disease was caused by germs that were produced by flesh and vegetables as they rotted

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