Why was Hitler able to become Chancellor in 1933?


History (Germany) Mind Map on Why was Hitler able to become Chancellor in 1933?, created by Ashley.C on 05/28/2013.
Mind Map by Ashley.C, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by Ashley.C almost 10 years ago

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Why was Hitler able to become Chancellor in 1933?
  1. In October 1929, 2 significant events had a dramatic effect: On 3 October, Gustav Stresemann died; Germany had lost one of its most able politicians. Then on 29 October, the Wall Street Crash began in the USA.
    1. As a result of the dramatic fall in share prices, many American businesses went bankrupt, American banks called in the loans made to Germany. Without them, the German industry couldn't operate. Millions of workers lost their jobs too.
      1. During the time of 1930-33, Hitler exploited the government's problems by holding huge rallies & touring Germany, promising to restore the country's economy.
        1. The socialist elements of the party's programme were forgotten as Hitler tried to win support from the German middle classes & industrialists. From 1930-32 The Nazis began to win more seats in the elections.
          1. In 1932 Bruning was replaced as chancellor as von Papen, who was overthrown by von Schleicher. Von Paper plotted revenge & in 1933 persuaded Hindenburg to replace von Schleicher with Adolf Hitler.
            1. He thought that support for the Nazis was now in decline & Hitler could be manipulated into doing what he wanted (but this was not going to work). Hitler became chancellor on 30 january 1933.
              1. Reasons for Nazi support: The party was anti-communist. So it appealed to those who feared communism & particularly Industrialists, who feared communism would take over their businesses. Dropping socialist elements won Hitler industrialist support.
                1. The Nazi promise to reverse the T.O.V & restore Germany's military strength appealed to nationalists & to those who believed the 'stab in the back' theory about the end of war. This won the support of Germany's armed forces.
                  1. The promise of unemployment obviously appealed to the millions who were out of work or feared losing their jobs (due to the Depression).
                    1. Many women were attracted to the party by its emphasis on family life & self-discipline (reinforced by heavy propaganda).
                      1. Hitler's anti-Jewish campaign was effective. People were looking for someone ot blame & Hitler told them to blame the Weimar Republic, the communists & mostly the Jews for their difficulties ( Hitler's scapegoat).
                        1. Hitler was a skilled public speaker & his colleague Joseph Goebbels, made effective use of propaganda. Those who spoke against the Nazis were persuaded not to, by a Stormtrooper visit.
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