Resource summary

Anxiety
1 Social influences
1.1 Impact of traumatic events

Annotations:

  • Other social anxiety causes may be found in traumatic events. Experiencing, hearing about or witnessing a traumatizing event may be a trigger for social anxiety disorder. Experiencing an embarrassing moment in school, or on a birthday party, may negatively affect someone’s confidence and may cause a snowball effect: this experience may turn this person into a somewhat more shy person in certain situations (school, parties). This can result in less social interaction and may give that person the feeling that he or she is boring, not worth to chat with etc.. Such feelings can be devastating for someone’s self-esteem and may make that person even more shy and eventually withdraw from social situations.Bullying or harassment may be a trigger for social anxiety disorder. Bullying may cause someone to become very insecure, withdraw from social activities or not being invited to social activities. This may result in the same snowball effect as mentioned before.Other negative life experiences that may cause social anxiety are: being ignored, rejected, not fitting in.
1.2 Inheritance

Annotations:

  • Genetic   If a first degree relative (parents, siblings or offspring) has social anxiety disorder (social phobia) the chances of having it yourself are 2 to 3 times higher, compared to someone who has no first degree relative with social phobia. For identical twins even higher chances were found: 30% to 50% more likely to develop social phobia, compared to average.One of the genetic social anxiety causes may be: Behavioural inhibition (signs of inhibited, introspective or fearful nature). If behavioural inhibition in infants is still present during adolescence and adulthood, then there is a higher chance of developing social anxiety disorder. Behavioural inhibition is at least partly genetic.
1.3 Environmental influence

Annotations:

  • Parents who are over protective of children give kids an idea the world is not a safe place. Controlling, rejecting or critical parents may may negatively affect their child’s self-esteem and may also harm the social development. Culture society deals with shyness and avoidance affects shame the ability to form relationships, or get a job, follow education,
2 Sociological theory
2.1 social action theory.

Annotations:

  • Symbolic Interactionism
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