Historical Tendencies on Social Sciences.

Johan Andres Leija Gonzalez
Mind Map by Johan Andres Leija Gonzalez, updated more than 1 year ago
Johan Andres Leija Gonzalez
Created by Johan Andres Leija Gonzalez over 2 years ago


Mind Map on Historical Tendencies on Social Sciences., created by Johan Andres Leija Gonzalez on 01/31/2018.

Resource summary

Historical Tendencies on Social Sciences.
1.1 Refers to historical changes in thought & belief, to changes in social & institutional organization, that unfolded in Europe between roughly 1550-1700
1.1.1 Science emerged as a distinct mode of inquiry in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries during this period.
1.2 Began with Nicholas Copernicus (1473-1543), who asserted a heliocentric cosmos.
1.3 It ended with Isaac Newton (1642-1727), who proposed universal laws and a Mechanical Universe.
2.1 Is a theory that states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience.
2.2 It is one of several views of epistemology, the study of human knowledge, along with rationalism and skepticism.
2.3 Emphasizes the role of empirical evidence in the formation of ideas, over the idea of innate ideas or traditions
3.1 Is the epistemological view that "regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge or any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification.
3.2 Is defined as a methodology or a theory "in which the criterion of the truth is not sensory but intellectual and deductive"
4.1 Evolutionism is a world-view, which seeks to explain every aspect of this world in which we live.
4.2 It encompasses a wide variety of topics, from astronomy to chemistry to biology.
4.2.1 At its core, it teaches that there were different stages in the evolution of our universe
5.1 Is a philosophical theory stating that certain ("positive") knowledge is based on natural phenomena and their properties and relations.
5.2 Positivism also holds that society, like the physical world, operates according to general laws. Introspective and intuitive knowledge is rejected, as are metaphysics and theology.

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