Macromolecules

17andgonzalez
Mind Map by 17andgonzalez, updated more than 1 year ago
17andgonzalez
Created by 17andgonzalez over 6 years ago
44
2

Description

Mind Map on Macromolecules, created by 17andgonzalez on 09/23/2014.

Resource summary

Macromolecules
  1. Nucleic Acids
    1. a long chain of smaller molecules called nucleotides
      1. Nucleotides are made up o three major components: sugar, base and a phosphate group.
      2. 2 chemical or biological properties
        1. They create proteins
          1. They differ in the attached sugar molecule
          2. 2 examples of the macromolecule
            1. DNA- Deoxyrubonucleic Acid
              1. RNA- Ribonucleic acid
              2. Chemical structure
                1. 5 carbon carbon sugar, a phosphate group and and a nitrogenous base
              3. Lipids
                1. Non-polar molecules that are not soluble in water.
                  1. They are soluble in hydrophobic solvents
                    1. They store the most energy
                      1. Examples of lipid macromolecules
                        1. fats, steroids, waxes and phospholipids
                        2. Chemical structure
                          1. carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
                            1. hydrogen oxygen ratio is 2:1 or more
                      2. Carbohidrates
                        1. Organic Compounds made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
                          1. They are an energy source
                            1. Made up of sugar molecules
                              1. Macromolecule examples
                                1. Chemical structure
                                  1. Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen 1:2:1 ratio
                              2. Proteins
                                1. large molecule formed by linked smaller molecules called amino-acids.
                                  1. 20 types of aminoacids
                                    1. Some amino acids are polar, others are not
                                  2. 2 chemical or biological properties
                                    1. They have structural functions
                                      1. They store, transport, regulate, allow movement and control celular chemical reactions
                                      2. 2 examples of the macromolecule
                                        1. Enzymes and amino acids
                                        2. Chemical structure
                                          1. Made up of amino acids which contain oxygen carbon and an r chemical compound
                                        Show full summary Hide full summary

                                        Similar

                                        Yr 12 Biology Mid-Year Exam Notes Part 1
                                        gbridgland
                                        Unit 2 Practice Quiz
                                        sealescience
                                        Yr 12 Biology Mid-Year Exam Notes Part 2
                                        gbridgland
                                        Macromolecules
                                        Julia Castellani
                                        Macromolecules
                                        Suheyla Kipcakli
                                        Polymers
                                        ashthehumangirl
                                        Polymers
                                        Nicole Opeku
                                        UMHS Cell Bio Quiz #1- Macromolecules and Water (Easy)
                                        howcontrived
                                        Composition of cells
                                        George Wardle
                                        Macromolecules
                                        Savannah Reynolds
                                        CYOA-Concepts of Ch. 2
                                        epicmcjaguar