Polymers

ashthehumangirl
Mind Map by ashthehumangirl, updated more than 1 year ago
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Mind Map on Polymers, created by ashthehumangirl on 08/06/2014.

Resource summary

Polymers
1 Any substance containing very large molecules, formed when lots of small molecules join together
2 A substance made of macromolecules
3 Synthetic
3.1 Nylon
3.2 Terylene
3.3 Lyrca
3.4 Plastic
3.4.1 Polysterene
3.4.2 Perspex
3.4.3 Polythene
3.4.4 Polychloroethene(PVC)
3.5 Water-soluble
3.5.1 Hair gel & shower gel
4 Natural
4.1 Starch
4.2 Cellulose
4.3 Proteins
4.4 Keratin
5 Production
5.1 Addition Polymerisation
5.1.1 Double bonds in molecules break & they add on to each other
5.1.2 Monomers must have C=C double bonds
5.2 Condensation Polymerisation
5.2.1 Two different monomers join
5.2.2 Each has 2 functional groups that take part in reaction
5.2.3 Monomers join at functional group by eliminating small molecules
6 Plastics
6.1 Insulator
6.2 Unreactive
6.3 Strong & light
6.4 Some non-biodegradeable
7 Macromolecules in Food
7.1 Carbohydrates
7.1.1 Monosaccharide
7.2 Proteins
7.2.1 Amino Acids
7.2.1.1 20 types
7.3 Fats
7.3.1 Esters
7.3.2 Formed in condensation reaction
7.4 Fibre
7.4.1 Cellulose
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