Gramatica del ingles

Jesus Adrian Ang
Mind Map by Jesus Adrian Ang, updated more than 1 year ago
Jesus Adrian Ang
Created by Jesus Adrian Ang over 5 years ago
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Mind Map on Gramatica del ingles, created by Jesus Adrian Ang on 09/23/2014.

Resource summary

Gramatica del ingles
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1.1 First verb to be
1.1.1 for English is important that we learn the verb TO BE (SER Y ESTAR), is perhaps the most essential verb in the grammar of English and must memorize to make it all more eficinete. there is only one verb for two for Spanish.
1.1.1.1 Examples of the verb to be are 3 types so negative interrogative
1.1.1.1.1 Afirmative : I AM , YOU ARE , HE IS , SHE IS , IT IS , WR ARE , YOU ARE , THEY ARE
1.1.1.1.2 Negative I AM NOT YOU ARE NOT HE IS NOT SHE IS NOT IT IS NOT WE ARE NOT YOU ARE NOT HEY ARE NOT
1.1.1.1.3 interrogative AM I ? ARE YOU? IS HE? IS SHE? IS IT? ARE WE? ARE YOU? ARE THEY?
1.1.1.2 I/ YO PERSONA SINGULAR YOU/ TU PERSONA SINGULAR HE/EL PERSONA MASCULINA SINGULAR SHE/ ELLA PERSONA FEMENINA SINUGLAR IT/ELLO SE UTILIZA PARA COSAS Y ANIMALES WE/ NOSOTROS PERSONA PLURAL YOU/ VOSOTROS PERSONA PLURAL THEY/ ELLOS PERSONA PLURAL
1.2 sentence structure
1.2.1 AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES: SUBJECT VERB + TO BE + ACCESSORIES
1.2.1.1 EXAMPLES
1.2.1.1.1 Im very nice She has a dog I can jump
1.2.2 NEGATIVE SENTENCES: SUBJECT VERB + TO BE + NOT + ACCESSORIES
1.2.2.1 EXAMPLES
1.2.2.1.1 Im not stupid I don't like it I don't dance
1.2.3 INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES: TO BE SUBJECT VERB + ACCESSORIES?
1.2.3.1 EXAMPLES
1.2.3.1.1 are you speak english? Are you paying attention? Are you sure?
1.3 ADJECTIVES
1.3.1 English adjectives, nouns have no gender Never take plural, the plural leads that accompany the noun.
1.3.1.1 EXAMPLE
1.3.1.1.1 The adjective always goes before the noun. The Inglés girl is thin: La niña inglesa es delgada The red car is new: El coche rojo es nuevo
1.4 TO HAVE
1.4.1 The second verb is HAVE TO (BE), is like a verb TO BE irregular. The structures for the affirmative, negative and interrogative sentences are the same as for the verb TO BE.
1.4.1.1 AFIRMATIVE. I HAVE GOT .YOU HAVE GOT .HE HAS GOT .SHE HAS GOT. IT HAS GOT .WE HAVE GOT. YOU HAVE GOT. THEY HAVE GOT.
1.4.1.2 NEGATIVE. I HAVE NOT GOT . YOU HAVE NOT GOT . HE HAS NOT GOT . SHE HAS NOT GOT . IT HAS NOT GOT . WE HAVE NOT GOT . YOU HAVE NOT GOT . THEY HAVE NOT GOT .
1.4.1.3 INTERROGATIVE HAVE I GOT ? HAVE YOU GOT ? HAS HE GOT ? HAS SHE GOT ? HAS IT GOT ? HAVE WE GOT ? HAVE YOU GOT ? HAVE THEY GOT? HAVE THEY GOT ?
1.5 LAST WORD TO BE
1.5.1 Appears with time expressions like YESTERDAY, LAST WEEK, LAST MONTH, LAST YEAR.
1.5.1.1 EXAMPLE
1.5.1.1.1 AFFIRMATIVE: SUBJECT VERB + TO BE + ACCESSORIES I was in England last month. Negative: SUBJECT VERB + TO BE + NOT + ACCESSORIES I was not in Germany last month. interrogative: TO BE SUBJECT VERB + + ACCESSORIES? Were you in Japan last month?
1.5.1.1.1.1 Estuve en Inglaterra el mes pasado. Yo no estaba en Alemania el mes pasado. ¿Estuvo en Japón el mes pasado?
1.6 PAST SIMPLE
1.6.1 It is used to express specific actions in the past. Appears with expressions like YESTERDAY, LAST WEEK ... DID need the auxiliary verb for negative and interrogative sentences. There are two types of English verbs regular verbs and irregular verbs. Regular verbs form the past ED adding the infinitive. Irregular verbs have a special form for the past
1.6.1.1 AFFIRMATIVE :SUJETO + VERBO PASADO + COMPLEMENTOS. Ej: I played tennis last Saturday. I went to the cinema last Sunday.
1.6.1.1.1 Affirmative sentences are the only ones that carry the past tense, because we do not use an auxiliary verb.
1.6.1.2 Negative: DID NOT SUBJECT + (DID NOT) + VB + INFINITE CLOTHING Ex: I did not play tennis last Saturday. I did not go to the cinema last Sunday.
1.6.1.3 interrogative: DID + SUBJECT + INFINITE + VB SUPPLEMENTS? 25 Eg: Did you play tennis last Saturday? Did you go to the cinema last Sunday?
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