Singapore's Population Policies

Kate Villaflor
Mind Map by Kate Villaflor, updated more than 1 year ago
Kate Villaflor
Created by Kate Villaflor over 5 years ago
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Description

Social Studies Mind Map on Singapore's Population Policies, created by Kate Villaflor on 09/26/2014.

Resource summary

Singapore's Population Policies
1 1950s and 60s
1.1 Baby Boom!
1.1.1 People were confident of a better tomorrow and decided to have larger families. Average family had 6 to 7 children. Singapore's population grew by more than half a million.
1.1.1.1 Problems arising from population growth
1.1.1.1.1 Unemployment
1.1.1.1.1.1 Shortage of housing
1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Insufficient healthcare services
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Insufficient Education
1.1.1.1.1.2 More people,more competition for jobs
1.1.1.2 1966 to 1981; 3 five year plans implemented to control population growth.
1.1.1.2.1 Examples
1.1.1.2.1.1 Stop at Two Policy: No paid maternity leave to be given to the third and subsequent children; No priority to be given to large families in the allocation of government flats ; No income tax reliefs to be given for the fourth and subsequent children; Delivery charges in hospitals increased with each additional child
1.1.1.2.1.1.1 Abortion legalised
1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1 Contraception encouraged
2 1980s to now
2.1 Declining birth rate. People marrying at a later age and increasing costs of living
2.1.1 Problems of underpopulation
2.1.1.1 Unattractive to multinational companies; not enough talented people to sustain its development. Transnational corporations find it difficult and expensive to recruit Singaporeans compared to huge labour in countries such as China. Singapore would also be less attractive because of its smaller consumer market.
2.1.1.1.1 Ageing population; Fewer young people in the population. Number of old people will be proportionally larger .More resources will have to be used to take care of the increasing number of senior citizens
2.1.1.1.1.1 Defence: Fewer men to recruit for National Service. Weaken Singapore's defence force
2.1.2 Policies to promote population growth
2.1.2.1 Graduate Mothers Scheme; PM Lee Kuan Yew felt that female graduates should have more children so that there will be a higher chance of the new generation workforce being more educated ; However, this sparked off debate and unhappiness among the people. Less educated were unhappy as they felt they would be neglected under the policy
2.1.2.1.1 Three or More if you can Afford It: Parents encouraged to have three or more children, if they could afford it. Government wanted a cautious approach to this due to the recession Singapore experienced in 1985. Serious social problems may arise if too many babies were born
2.1.2.1.1.1 Government allowed the use of Medisave to pay for delivery charges of the first three children. This is to help relieve the financial burden of having children
2.1.2.1.1.1.1 Attracted foreign talent, making Singapore more cosmopolitan
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