1.1 Pulse increases with the amount of
exercise you do because your body
needs more oxygen in the blood.
1.2 BLOOD PRESSURE
1.2.1 Systolic is the highest
pressure that the
arteries are under during
a heart beat cycle.
1.2.2 Diastolic is the lowest
pressure that arteries are
under during the heart
1.2.3 Both Diastolic and Systolic
are measured in MMTLG.
1.2.4 Blood Pressure-The pressure
in which blood pumps around
2.1 Drugs are tested
with placebos to
affecting the tests.
2.2 There are 2 types of trials for drug testing, Blind and Double-Blind.
2.2.1 Blind Trials-Drug trials that the test subjects are given 2
pills, one is a placebo and the other is the actual pill. This
stops mentality affecting the tests
184.108.40.206 Placebos-Placebos are pills that dont actually have any benefits.
These may be sugar pills or vitamin pills. They are used because it
helps see if there is a psycological factor in drug tests.
2.2.2 Double Blind Trials-Drug trials that
neither the Scientists or the test
subjects know what they are getting.
This stops the scientists making biased
results for the test.
3.1 There are 7 different Food Groups,
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Vitamins,
Minerals, Water and Fibre.
3.1.1 Carbohydrates-Used for energy
3.1.2 Proteins-Used for growth and repair
220.127.116.11 First Class Proteins-Proteins that
come from foods of an animal origin
and contain all of the essential Amino
Acids (cannot be made in the body).
18.104.22.168 Second Class Proteins-Proteins
that come from foods of a plant
origin and do not contain all of
the essential Amino Acids
3.1.3 Fats-Used for energy storage
3.1.4 Vitamins-Used for building up your immune systems
3.1.5 Minerals-Used for haemoglobins
22.214.171.124 Haemoglobins- A protein found in the
erythrocytes (red blood cells) with the
primary function to transport oxygen from
the lungs to the rest of the body and return
carbon dioxide from tissues to the lungs.
3.1.6 Water-Used for hydration
3.1.7 Fibre-Prevents constipation
4 EAR AND
4.1.1 EAR=0.6 x Body mass in KG
4.2 BMI=Weight in KG
5.1.1 Cancerous cells divide
in an abnormal and
forming lumps of cells
5.1.2 A tumor that grows in one
place is described as benign
where-as if the tumor
breaks apart and forms
secondary tumors, they are
5.1.3 A persons chance of surviving the cancer
depends on multiple things. It depends
on the type of cancer they have, how
early the cancer is diagnosed, how young
the patient is and if the tumor is benign
5.2 Types of disease
5.2.1 Fungi-Fungi is any of a group of
unicellular, multi-cellular, or
syncytial spore-producing organisms
feeding on organic matter like mold.
5.2.2 Bacteria-Bacteria is a
member of a large group of
which have cell walls but
lack organelles and an
including some which can
5.2.3 Virus-Viruses are an infective agent that typically
consists of a nucleic acid molecule in a protein coat, is
too small to be seen by light microscopy, and is able to
multiply only within the living cells of a host.
5.2.4 Protozoa-Protozoa's are a
phylum or grouping of phyla
which comprises the
animals, which include
amoebas, flagellates, ciliates,
sporozoans, and many other
5.3 Protection from diseases
5.3.1 Things that protect us from disease.
126.96.36.199 Our stomach produces
Hydrochloric acid to kill
micro-organisms in the food
188.8.131.52 Our skin forms a dead
outer barrier to protect
us from disease in the
air and on surfaces.
184.108.40.206 Cuts form a scab
by clotting blood to
stop wounds from
220.127.116.11 The respiratory system is lined
with cells that produce a sticky
liquid mucus that forms a mucus
membrane that protects us from
pathogens that we breath in.
18.104.22.168 White blood cells.
22.214.171.124.1 Type 1-Type one white blood
cells engulf the pathogens
they find in the blood stream
and digest them.
126.96.36.199.2 Type 2-Type two white blood cells produce antibodies.
5.3.2 Types of immunisation
188.8.131.52 Natural Active- Natural active
immunisation is when you catch the
disease naturally and make your own