Chemical Bonding

Lucy Youle
Mind Map by Lucy Youle, updated more than 1 year ago
Lucy Youle
Created by Lucy Youle over 5 years ago
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Mind Map on Chemical Bonding, created by Lucy Youle on 10/04/2014.
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Chemical Bonding
1 Nobel Gases
1.1 all electrons are paired with opposite spins
1.2 outer shell contains 2 electrons- He and 8 electrons for all the others
1.2.1 made up of 2 in the s-orbital and 2 in each of the p orbitals
1.3 inert
1.4 make up 1% of the air
1.4.1 argon is most abundant
1.5 all, apart from radon, can be separated by fractional distillation of liquefied air
2 atoms combine so that each has eight electrons on their outer shell
2.1 unpaired electrons pair up by sharing or transferring electrons to form a chemical bond
2.2 Octet Rule
3 Ionic, Covalent, Metallic
3.1 Ionic Bonding
3.1.1 occurs in compounds consisting of a metal and a non-metal
3.1.2 electrons are transferred from the metal atom to the non-metal atom
3.1.2.1 form oppositely charged ions that attract
3.1.3 Ionic bonds
3.1.3.1 between a non-metal and a metal
3.1.3.2 electrons are transferred from the metal to the non-metal atom
3.1.3.2.1 oppositely charged ions are formed, which are bonded together by electrostatic attraction
3.1.3.3 is the electrostatic bond between oppositely charged ions
3.1.3.4 Giant Ionic lattices
3.1.3.4.1 each ion is surrounded by oppositely charged ions
3.1.3.4.2 these ions attract each other from all directions, forming a latticr
3.1.3.4.3 all ionic compounds exist as a giant ionic lattice in its solid state
3.2 Covalent Bonding
3.2.1 In compounds that consist of 2 non-metals
3.2.1.1 electrons are shared between the atoms
3.3 Metallic Bonding
3.3.1 occurs in metal
3.3.1.1 electrons are shared between all atoms
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