Sociology - Life Expectancy and Infant Mortality

ILilley
Mind Map by ILilley, updated more than 1 year ago
ILilley
Created by ILilley over 5 years ago
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Mind Map on Sociology - Life Expectancy and Infant Mortality, created by ILilley on 10/14/2014.
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Sociology - Life Expectancy and Infant Mortality
1 Life Expectancy
1.1 5th Century - 33 (men) and 27 (women)
1.1.1 1901 - 45.5 (men) and 49 (women)
1.2 Average number of years newborns are expected to live
1.3 Increased life expectancy linked to:
1.3.1 Welfare State Provisions
1.3.1.1 After WWII
1.3.1.2 State looks after people's health and welfare
1.3.1.3 Eg. Free healthcare - Benefits
1.3.2 Diet and Nutrition
1.3.2.1 Over the last 30 years - Changes in diet
1.3.2.2 Media shows eating healthier as better
1.3.2.3 Household purchases fruit increased
1.3.2.3.1 77% between 1974 and 2005/6
1.3.3 Public health and medicine
1.3.3.1 19th/ 20th Century - Increase life expectancy after goverment improvements in public health services
1.3.3.2 1945: Controlling major infections
1.3.3.2.1 Eg. Vaccinating children
1.3.3.3 Advances in medicine and surgery
1.3.3.4 Services: Clean water, Drainage systems - prevents waterborne diseases
2 Infant Mortality
2.1 1930 - 60.0 infant deaths per 1000 live births
2.1.1 2006 - 5.0 infant deaths per 1000 live births
2.2 Number of infant deaths per 1000 live births per year
2.3 Recent Improvements
2.3.1 During pregnancy - Antenatal Care
2.3.2 After childbirth - Post-natal Care
2.4 Introduction to midwifery (early 20th century) - More babies delivered by qualified midwifes
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