1.1 Parish priest in Los Palacios near Seville; observed
the first actions of Inquisitors under Catholic kings
Ferdinand and Isabella- however his account was
written in the early sixteenth century.
1.2 His narrative owes just as much to religious fervour as
to any eyewitness reporting. His account is also
problematic when it comes to causation and statistics.
1.3 "Historians recognize that the pogroms and forced baptisms of 1391
created a Spanish population of converts from Judaism to Christianity;
they also know that Ferdinand and Isabella spent the second half of 1477
in Seville where they heard the preaching of Friar Alonso de Hojeda.
1.3.1 Homza suggests
that this is key to
assessing the validity
of Bernaldez's view.
1.4 Heresy was allowed to spread due to the negligence
of the bishops and archbishops (prelates).
1.5 The Mosaic Heresy had its start in
the year 1390 at the beginning of
the reign of King Henry III of Castile.
1.5.1 The plundering of the Jewish
quarter occurred as a result of
the preaching of Friar Vincent
Ferrer, a Holy Catholic man of
the of the order of St. Dominic
126.96.36.199 Ferrer wanted to convert
all of the Jews in Spain.
188.8.131.52.1 Ferrer could only convert a
few Jews due to the power
of the Talmud of which the
Jews had ten copies of for
every copy of the Bible.
184.108.40.206.1.1 After Ferrer's work Jews and
synagogues remained in Castile
due to their great utility.
220.127.116.11.1.1.1 Here the term conversos was originated.
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124 However most conversos
observed the faith very badly
and were secretly Jews.
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1 They were in fact neither
Christians nor Jews as they
were baptised but were
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1.1 In the first years of the reign of Kings
Ferdinand and Queen Isabel, the conversos'
heresy was so strong that they were
practically preaching the law of Moses.
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.1.1.1 An issue was that newly converted
Conversos lived with existing Jews and
so it became difficult for Conversos to
live a more noticeably Catholic life.
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206 "The customs of
were the same as the
same stinking Jews'"
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.1 Thus the conversos had the same traditions.
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1.1 E.G. Jewish custom of
eating little dishes and
stews cooked overnight
with coals remained.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.1.1.1 "they themselves had the smell of the Jews"
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1.2 They had Jews preach to them in their homes.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.1.2.1 See page 4 for examples.
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1.2.2 They avoided receiving the Sacraments of the Holy Church.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199 They didn't believe that God
rewarded virginity and chastity; their
aim was to increase and multiply.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1 Monasteries founded by Gentiles
(non-Jews) were violated and mocked.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1.1 The extant trials from the period 1480 to 1520 reveal a preponderance of female defendants.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1.1.1 This is what was told
to Queen Isabel when
she visited Seville.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124 They were informed that
this run throughout the
whole of Castile
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1 The King and Queen obtained a bull from Pope
Sixtus IV to proceed against this heresy and to
punish it with fire. The papal bull was
conceded and the inquisition ordered in 1480.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1.1 The Start of the Inquisition in Seville.
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1.1.1 Two Dominican monks arrived in Seville, a provincial and a vicar.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206 Friar Miguel de Morillo and Friar Juan de San Martin, accompanying them was Dr
Medina, a cleric of San Pedro. They began with "diligence" at the start of 1481.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1 Within a few days they had seized the "guiltiest" men and women and had put them in the monastery of San Pablo. They then seized some of the most honourable and wealthiest aldermen and town councillors,
bachelors of the arts, scholars, and men of much favour; Diego de Merlo, Chief Justice, seized these men. After this many men and women fled Seville- the inquisitors demanded the castle of Triana where they put
prisoners. They held many hearings heard here. They had a prosecutor, a constable, and scribes, and everything else that was necessary. They called on secular learned men from the city and the Chief Justice to see
the trials and enact the sentences. Here they began to sentence people to death by fire. The very first time they took out six men and women to the Plaza La Tablada to be burned. At the same time the friar Alonso
would preach, he was zealous for the faith of Jesus Christ.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1.1 However he only oversaw the early burnings as he died a few days after from plague that spreading throughout the city.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1.1.1 Within a few days three of the most prominent people in the city and
the richest were burned. One was Diego de Susan who was worth ten
million and a great rabbi- he seemed to die like a Christian.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11 The other was Manuel Sauli and the other was Bartolme de Torralva. They also seized Pedro Fernandez Abolasia who was the majordomo of the cathedral- he had in his house enough arms to equip one hundred men.