Lu Ann Homza- initial years of Inquisition

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Mind Map on Lu Ann Homza- initial years of Inquisition, created by s30497 on 11/07/2014.
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Lu Ann Homza- initial years of Inquisition
1 Account of Bachiller Andres Bernaldez
1.1 Parish priest in Los Palacios near Seville; observed the first actions of Inquisitors under Catholic kings Ferdinand and Isabella- however his account was written in the early sixteenth century.
1.2 His narrative owes just as much to religious fervour as to any eyewitness reporting. His account is also problematic when it comes to causation and statistics.
1.3 "Historians recognize that the pogroms and forced baptisms of 1391 created a Spanish population of converts from Judaism to Christianity; they also know that Ferdinand and Isabella spent the second half of 1477 in Seville where they heard the preaching of Friar Alonso de Hojeda.
1.3.1 Homza suggests that this is key to assessing the validity of Bernaldez's view.
1.4 Heresy was allowed to spread due to the negligence of the bishops and archbishops (prelates).
1.5 The Mosaic Heresy had its start in the year 1390 at the beginning of the reign of King Henry III of Castile.
1.5.1 The plundering of the Jewish quarter occurred as a result of the preaching of Friar Vincent Ferrer, a Holy Catholic man of the of the order of St. Dominic
1.5.1.1 Ferrer wanted to convert all of the Jews in Spain.
1.5.1.1.1 Ferrer could only convert a few Jews due to the power of the Talmud of which the Jews had ten copies of for every copy of the Bible.
1.5.1.1.1.1 After Ferrer's work Jews and synagogues remained in Castile due to their great utility.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1 Here the term conversos was originated.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1 However most conversos observed the faith very badly and were secretly Jews.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 They were in fact neither Christians nor Jews as they were baptised but were still heretics.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 In the first years of the reign of Kings Ferdinand and Queen Isabel, the conversos' heresy was so strong that they were practically preaching the law of Moses.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 An issue was that newly converted Conversos lived with existing Jews and so it became difficult for Conversos to live a more noticeably Catholic life.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 "The customs of ordinary conversos were the same as the same stinking Jews'"
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Thus the conversos had the same traditions.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 E.G. Jewish custom of eating little dishes and stews cooked overnight with coals remained.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 "they themselves had the smell of the Jews"
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2 They had Jews preach to them in their homes.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1 See page 4 for examples.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.2 They avoided receiving the Sacraments of the Holy Church.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.2.1 They didn't believe that God rewarded virginity and chastity; their aim was to increase and multiply.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.2.1.1 Monasteries founded by Gentiles (non-Jews) were violated and mocked.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.2.1.1.1 The extant trials from the period 1480 to 1520 reveal a preponderance of female defendants.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.2.1.1.1.1 This is what was told to Queen Isabel when she visited Seville.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.2.1.1.1.1.1 They were informed that this run throughout the whole of Castile
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1 The King and Queen obtained a bull from Pope Sixtus IV to proceed against this heresy and to punish it with fire. The papal bull was conceded and the inquisition ordered in 1480.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 The Start of the Inquisition in Seville.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Two Dominican monks arrived in Seville, a provincial and a vicar.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Friar Miguel de Morillo and Friar Juan de San Martin, accompanying them was Dr Medina, a cleric of San Pedro. They began with "diligence" at the start of 1481.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Within a few days they had seized the "guiltiest" men and women and had put them in the monastery of San Pablo. They then seized some of the most honourable and wealthiest aldermen and town councillors, bachelors of the arts, scholars, and men of much favour; Diego de Merlo, Chief Justice, seized these men. After this many men and women fled Seville- the inquisitors demanded the castle of Triana where they put prisoners. They held many hearings heard here. They had a prosecutor, a constable, and scribes, and everything else that was necessary. They called on secular learned men from the city and the Chief Justice to see the trials and enact the sentences. Here they began to sentence people to death by fire. The very first time they took out six men and women to the Plaza La Tablada to be burned. At the same time the friar Alonso would preach, he was zealous for the faith of Jesus Christ.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 However he only oversaw the early burnings as he died a few days after from plague that spreading throughout the city.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Within a few days three of the most prominent people in the city and the richest were burned. One was Diego de Susan who was worth ten million and a great rabbi- he seemed to die like a Christian.
1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 The other was Manuel Sauli and the other was Bartolme de Torralva. They also seized Pedro Fernandez Abolasia who was the majordomo of the cathedral- he had in his house enough arms to equip one hundred men.
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