Robert Frost.


Mind Map on Robert Frost., created by oddbott on 11/07/2014.
Mind Map by oddbott, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by oddbott over 8 years ago

Resource summary

Robert Frost.
  1. Stopping by woods on a snowy evening.
    1. Poem.
      1. Whose woods these are I think I know, His house is in the village though. He will not see me stopping here, to watch his woods fill up with snow.
        1. Doesn't suggest the direction of the poem. It almost sounds innocen. Like the person in the poem is just admireing the beauty around them.
          1. Imagry of the woods fill up with snow.
          2. My little horse must think it queer to stop without a farmhouse near between the woods and frozen lake the darkest night of the year.
            1. Enjambment
              1. you get a feeling of isolation. Tone starts to shift negative and the poem loses its innocents. We get a sense that something is lurking in the shadows.
              2. He gives his harness bells a shake to ask if there is some mistake. The only other sounds the sweep of easy wind and downy flake.
                1. Personification, of the horse.
                  1. The horse asking if there is some mistake adds to the uneasy feeling of the poem. Isolated feeling is reinforced.
                  2. These woods are lovely, dark and deep. But I have promises to keep, and miles to go before I sleep, and miles to go before I sleep.
                    1. Repetition.
                      1. Metaphor for death, sleep.
                        1. The contrasting images of lovely dark and deep, leave it up to the reader to choose and interprate. He brings up the promises he must keep at the last minuet like he is dreading having to leave. its like his choice has already been made, and now he deals with the consequences.
                          1. Contrasting images.
                      2. Nothing Gold can stay.
                        1. Poem.
                          1. Natures First green is gold, Her hardest hue to hold/
                            1. •The first line gives us the setting of the poem—we're in nature. The speaker, though, says this first green is actually gold.
                              1. Imagery. You see nature, but it looks gold. Gold is the colour we associate with something rare and expensive or special.
                              2. •Now that our speaker has told us that nature is gold before it's green, he goes on to say that gold is the hardest hue, or colour, for nature to hold, or keep. So the first colour we see in spring doesn't stick around very long
                                1. Personification of nature, saying its first green is the hardest of hers (nature) to hold.
                              3. Early leaf's a flower, but only so an hour.
                                1. The first stage of something is beautiful, but appearances fade quickly
                                  1. Imagery. Seeing the early leaf as a flower.
                                2. Then leaf subsides to leaf, so edan sank to greif.
                                  1. Repetition of “leaf” affirms that the leaf lasts longer than the short bloom of the flower. The appearance of something may change, but there are parts of it that may remain the same.
                                    1. Allusion. Frost alludes to the fall of Eden in the bible.Theological value to poem: Life brings bliss and inevitable hardships.
                                    2. So dawn goes down to day, Nothing gold can stay.
                                      1. Shifts focus from seasons to a short day. Nothing is permanent. Life is a cycle of constant change. Some changes last longer than others
                                        1. Imagery. You see dawn turn to day.
                                    3. Rhyme Scheme: AABBCCDD Diction: Simple, no word is longer than 2 syllables Meter: short trimeter, contributes to the shortness of the poem
                                    4. Road not taken.
                                      1. Poem
                                        1. First published in 1916 , “The Road Not Taken"
                                          1. Title
                                            1. The road’ is the symbol of the choice made by us in life. Many times, we regret the choice we make but what is done once cannot be undone. Man regrets for what he has denied himself in life , rather than what he has chosen. Hence, the poet has given his poem the title “The Road Not Taken”. The word "road" not only means "way", it also means "journey" or a "stage of journey". Here "road" does not signify any ordinary road, but functions a metaphor of a vital decision.
                                              1. Metaphor, for a vital decision.
                                                1. The poem revolves around the metaphor comparing the decisions we make on the journey of life to a fork in the road. Just as we must decide which road to take when traveling in order to arrive at a location, we must make decisions in life that will greatly impact our destination. The speaker is a “traveler” on the road of life who wishes that he could go both directions and avoid making a decision.
                                            2. Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, And sorry I could not travel both And be one traveler, long I stood And looked down one as far as I could To where it bent in the undergrowth;
                                              1. The speaker describes his position. He has been out for walking in the woods and comes in between the diversion of two roads, he stands there looking as far down each one as he can see. He would like to try out both, but doubts he could do that, so therefore he continues to look down the roads for a long time trying to make his decision about which road to take.
                                              2. This poem talks about the choices one has to make in life and their consequences. One day while walking in a wooded area full of trees the poet comes to a place where he has to decide which road he should take. He starts debating over the choices as he realizes he cannot walk on both. However he decides to take the second path with the intention of travelling on the first some other time in future.
                                                1. Message of the poem. Robert Frost’s poem “ The road not taken” seems to hold out the mortal that life is a continuous journey full of divergence now and then. The important thing is to move on without looking back whether the choice of paths taken was right or wrong. The right or wrong are relative terms. We cannot get everything in life and have to make choices. Whatever direction in our life takes is determined by the choice made by us . In the journey of life, one can seldom come back to travel the ‘roads’ not taken earlier.
                                                2. Then took the other, as just as fair And having perhaps the better claim, (Because it was grassy and wanted wear); Though as for that, the passing there Had worn them really about the same,
                                                  1. He looked down the first one “to where it bend in the undergrowth”, and then the second one , and he decided to take the other path, because it seemed to have less traveled than the first. But then he goes on to say that they actually were very similarly worn. The second one that he took seems less traveled but as he thinks about it, he realizes that they were “really about the same”. Not exactly the same but only “about the same”.
                                                    1. Personification in brackets.
                                                  2. And both that morning equally lay In leaves no step had trodden black. Oh, I kept the first for another day! Yet knowing how way leads on to way, I doubted if I should ever come back.
                                                    1. The third stanza continues with the cogitation about the possible differences between the two road. He had noticed that the leaves were both fresh fallen on them both and had not been walked on, but then again claims that maybe he would come back and also walk the first one sometimes, but he doubted he would be able to, because in life one thing leads to another and time is short.
                                                    2. I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I -- I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference
                                                      1. In this poem the word “difference” is taken in a positive way. But there is nothing in the poem that suggests that this difference signals a positive outcome. The speaker could not offer such information, because he has not lived the “difference” yet. The other word that leads non-discerning readers astray is the word “sigh.” By taking “difference” to mean a positive difference, they think that the sigh is one of nostalgic relief; however, a sigh can also mean regret. There is the “oh, dear” kind of sigh, but also the “what a relief” kind of sigh. Which one is it? We do not know. If it is the relief sigh, then the difference means the speaker is glad he took the road he did; if it is the regret sigh, then the difference would not be good, and the speaker would be sighing in regret.
                                                  3. Fire and ice.
                                                    1. Poem
                                                      1. The central theme of "Fire and Ice" is that human emotions are destructive when allowed to run amok. They can destroy a person morally; they can destroy him mentally and physically. Not frequently, unbridled emotions—such as those of an Adolf Hitler—can destroy entire countries and even threaten to destroy civilization itself. it is in the power of the decisions humans make In life.
                                                        1. "Fire and Ice" bears many of the characteristics that represent the body of work for Robert Frost. It is written in a simple manner, using a language set and vernacular that is designed to be easily understood. As is also a trend with Frost in his poetry, the subject matter of the poem deals deeply with human nature, exploring the implicit human emotions of desire and hatred. This subject matter, too, has a large capacity to be relatable to the audience, as it shares in collective human experience, in feelings that are experienced by all. Also in concurrence to the habits of Frost, these darker, deeper themes are presented in contrast to the simplicity and openness of the actual language of the poem, done intentionally to highlight the underlying theme.
                                                          1. Theme: the dangers of extremism, and choices of humans.
                                                          2. Uncontrolled sexual desire can lead to rape, child molestation, and the spread of disease. Do you think Frost had this type of desire in mind when he wrote "Fire and Ice"?
                                                          3. Some say the world will end in fire, some say in ice.
                                                            1. Alliteration (S)ome (s)ay the (w)orld (w)ill end in fire, (S)ome (s)ay in ice.
                                                              1. Anaphora (Some say) the world1 will end in fire, (Some say) in ice.
                                                            2. From what I tasted of desire, I hold with those who favour fire.
                                                              1. Alliteration. I hold (w)ith those (w)ho (f)avour (f)ire.
                                                              2. But if I had to perish twice, I think I know enough of hate.
                                                                1. To say that for destruction ice, is also great, and would suffice.
                                                                2. contrast in the title of "Fire and Ice"
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