Leila has a Pain in the Arm

Abdelrahman Nouh
Mind Map by Abdelrahman Nouh, updated more than 1 year ago
Abdelrahman Nouh
Created by Abdelrahman Nouh almost 2 years ago
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Description

Mind Map on Leila has a Pain in the Arm, created by Abdelrahman Nouh on 02/18/2019.

Resource summary

Leila has a Pain in the Arm
1 demography
1.1 name: Leila
1.1.1 clinical presentation
1.1.1.1 facial expressions
1.1.1.2 tenderness
1.1.1.3 restlessness
1.1.1.4 Moaning, groaning or whimpering
1.1.2 diagnosis
1.2 age: 70 years old
2 Physiology of pain
2.1 transduction
2.1.1 transmission
2.1.1.1 to the brain
2.1.1.1.1 spinothalamic tract
2.1.1.2 perception
2.1.1.2.1 modulation
2.1.1.2.1.1 gate control theory
2.1.1.2.1.2 stimulation produced analgesia
2.1.1.2.1.2.1 by releasing enkephalins
2.1.2 through pain receptors
3 treatment of pain
3.1 analgesics
3.1.1 opioids/narcotics
3.1.2 NSAIDs
3.1.3 acetaminophen
4 Anatomy of the forearm
4.1 Nerves
4.1.1 median
4.1.1.1 All the muscles of the anterior compartment except flexor carpi ulnaris and the 1/2 of flexor digitorum profundus supplied by ulnar nerve
4.1.2 radial
4.1.2.1 branch
4.1.2.1.1 posterior interosseous
4.1.2.1.1.1 supplies
4.1.2.1.1.1.1 All muscles of posterior compartment except the 3 supplied by radial
4.1.2.2 supplies
4.1.2.2.1 brachioradialis
4.1.2.2.2 ECRL
4.1.2.2.3 anconeus
4.1.3 ulnar
4.1.3.1 supplies
4.1.3.1.1 flexor carpi ulnaris
4.1.3.1.2 1/2 of flexor digitorum profundus
4.2 muscles
4.2.1 anterior compartment
4.2.1.1 superficial
4.2.1.1.1 pronator teres
4.2.1.1.2 flexor carpi radialis
4.2.1.1.3 plamaris longus
4.2.1.1.4 flexor carpi ulnaris
4.2.1.2 intermediate
4.2.1.2.1 flexor digitorum superficialis
4.2.1.3 deep
4.2.1.3.1 flexor policis longus
4.2.1.3.2 flexor digitorum profundus
4.2.2 posterior compartment
4.2.2.1 superficial
4.2.2.1.1 ECRB
4.2.2.1.2 ECRL
4.2.2.1.3 Anconeus
4.2.2.1.4 brachioradialis
4.2.2.1.5 extensor carpi ulnaris
4.2.2.1.6 extensor digiti minimi
4.2.2.1.7 extensor digitorum
4.2.2.2 deep
4.2.2.2.1 extensor indices
4.2.2.2.2 supinator
4.2.2.2.3 abductor policis longus
4.2.2.2.4 extensor policis longus
4.2.2.2.4.1 tendons of these muscles are the borders of the anatomical snuff box
4.2.2.2.5 extensor policos brevis
5 Types of pain
5.1 according to
5.1.1 onset
5.1.1.1 chronic
5.1.1.2 acute
5.1.2 reason
5.1.2.1 tension
5.1.2.2 psychological
5.1.2.3 pathological
5.1.3 description
5.1.3.1 pins and needles sensation
5.1.3.2 throbbing
5.1.3.3 stabbing
5.1.3.4 pressure
5.1.3.5 colic
5.1.3.6 electrical
5.1.3.7 burning
5.1.3.8 pricking
5.1.4 origin
5.1.4.1 visceral
5.1.4.1.1 pain coming from internal organs
5.1.4.1.1.1 can refer to certain areas in the skin
5.1.4.1.1.1.1 dermatomes
5.1.4.1.1.1.1.1 area of the skin supplied by a single spinal nerve
5.1.4.1.1.1.1.1.1 C1 is an exception with no dermatome
5.1.4.2 somatic
5.1.4.2.1 pain coming from
5.1.4.2.1.1 muscles
5.1.4.2.1.2 skin
5.1.4.2.1.3 soft tissues
6 possible causes of pain
6.1 nerve injury
6.1.1 due to different causes
6.1.1.1 disease
6.1.1.1.1 diabetes
6.1.1.2 compression due to trauma
6.1.1.3 trauma
6.1.1.4 infection
6.1.1.4.1 microorganisms affecting nerves
6.1.1.4.1.1 rabies
6.1.1.4.1.2 mycobacterium laprae
6.1.1.4.1.3 herpes
6.1.1.4.1.4 varicella zoster
6.1.1.4.1.4.1 will cause
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1 shingles
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.1 complications
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.1.1 vision loss
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.1.2 postherpetic neuralgia
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.1.3 skin infections
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.1.4 neurological problems
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.2 cause
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.2.1 not completely clear
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.2.1.1 mostly due to weakened immunity and old age
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.3 symptoms
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.3.1 itching
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.3.2 Pain,numbness,burning
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.3.3 Sensitivity to touch
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.3.4 Blisters
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.3.5 Red rash few days after pain
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.4 treatment
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.4.1 no cure
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.4.2 antivirals to prevent complications
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.4.2.1 valacyclovir
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.4.2.2 acyclovir
6.1.1.4.1.4.1.1.4.3 analgesics to relieve the pain
6.2 tissue injury
6.2.1 Pain is caused by activation of pain receptors
6.2.2 soft tissue injury
6.2.2.1 ligaments
6.2.2.2 tendons
6.2.2.3 muscles
6.2.2.4 organs and skin
6.2.3 bone injury
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