The Fall of the Berlin Wall Consequences

Olivia Meikle
Mind Map by Olivia Meikle, updated more than 1 year ago
Olivia Meikle
Created by Olivia Meikle over 5 years ago


Mind Map on The Fall of the Berlin Wall Consequences, created by Olivia Meikle on 11/23/2014.

Resource summary

The Fall of the Berlin Wall Consequences
1 Reunification of Germany
1.1 The fall of the Berlin Wall is often referred to as the “turning point”, in the reunification of Germany. The period in which reunification takes places spanning from 1989 -1990, a period of time of swift changes to governing system, ultimately leading to the reunification of Germany.
1.2 Replacement of Egon Krenz with a reformed communist Hans Modrow, a reformed communist who promise multiparty elections.
1.3 Chancellor Helmut Kohl was not so enthusiastic about changing the government so fast, and set up the ‘Ten point program’ in which East and West Germany would reunified over the course of ten years. Up till this point no legal documents had been signed to official unity
1.4 German democratic republic into the Federal Republic of Germany under a legal document named ‘Article’ which came into effect of the 23 of October 1990. With this established, the government could now issues a “Unity Treaty” to officialise East and West as one.
1.5 By the 3rd of October, Germany was reunited under one singular rule. Fireworks lit up the sky above Germany providing thrills to families and friends from the once existing East and West.
1.6 The modern day flag of Germany flew above the Brandenburg gate signifying a “pan German Government”. The reunification of Germany is known as German Unity and is celebrated October 3rd every year. The Reunification of Germany fixed political relations but the long process of social merging was not as easily fixed
1.7 With the reunification East Germans, struggled to get jobs and fit into the devolved society. One person perspectives explained, “For me they might as well rebuild the Berlin Wall”, “I’ve never found my bearing in unified Germany”.
2 Fall of the Soviet Union
2.1 The reunification of Germany, had eradicated Soviet power nationally, but not in other soviet states. The destruction of the Berlin Wall had pivoted the axis of Soviet Rule, showing that it would probably decay. After 70 years majority of the states gave up on communism
2.2 From February to October 1990 six republic resigned from the soviet bloc through a number of elections.
2.3 The last blow of the Soviet Union was on 24th of August 1991, Gorbachev resigned. Gorbachev led the way in implementing rule and reform, with him gone the Soviet Union effectively lost all legal moral
2.4 On the 25th of December, Gorbachev made an internationally publicized speech officialising his resignation, “I hereby discontinue my activities at the post of President of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics”. From that day onwards, the Soviet Union ceased to exist.
2.5 The destruction of the Berlin Wall acted as a catalysis, and ultimately sped up the fall of the Soviet Union. It sparked reunification which later showed other stated in the soviet bloc that they could ultimately achieve that independence was achievable
2.6 When proven successful it was only matter of time until the entire Soviet Bloc vanished from Eastern Europe. The destruction of the Berlin Wall had resulted in a happier life within a once existing soviet territory. Life seemed better without walls and terror. 1991 symbolised freedom to the trapped humans of the Soviet Bloc. The fifteen newly formed independent country’s which have emerged from the fall of the Soviet Union, had to develop, their economies, reorganize their political systems and in many cases settle bitter territorial disputes. Which ultimately led to some wars. The fall of the Soviet Union created new country, left the fear of the communist Soviet Union.
3 Economic changes
3.1 Factories and business were closed down or were greatly downsize. Majority of these business were in the East of Germany. When the wall was first erect, Soviets confiscated majority of the Eastern business such as factory’s and farms, they were then relocated to new owners according to communist method
3.2 Not only was the East cut of from trade, but the East had major problems when the reunification came. The business had no Soviet monetary backing and the majority of the owners shifted away from the east. After the destruction of the Berlin Wall, 14,000 companies shut down and approximately four million jobs were lost.
3.3 Since 1929 there had been talks of creating a one whole European. Right up to the fall of the Berlin Wall they were talking about how they would create the Euro, and with the fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of the soviet Union it seem the right time to create the Euro. On the 1st of December 1990 fourteen countries across Europe adapted to the one currency known as the Euro.
3.4 Germany, was Germany becoming the ‘economic powerhouse’ of Europe. The fear of the crisis in the Eurozone, with Greece and Spain, and few other European countries in debt. Germany economic stability ultimately is the country keeping the Eurozone alive. With Germany exporting complex machinery and Vehicles creating 1.453 trillion USD. With Germany creating this money, it helping keep the Euro alive and will Greece and Spain and the other country’s sort out there financial issues
3.5 . Germanys economic changes affect New Zealand also. The Soviet Union refused trade with the outside world, therefore a large proportion on New Zealand exports and imports ceased. 1989 when the Berlin Wall fell, trade resumed. New Zealand joined Germany in trade, and economically beneficial move. Exports of wool were the biggest export contributing to ride of New Zealands GNI per capita (13,320 1989 0 13,430 1990).
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