1.1 By the end of 2010 the UN flood appeal was only half funded.
1.2 After a week of flooding the government had still failed to provide emergency
supplies. Relief efforts from them were widely criticised, and there were
accusations that the government was pocketing the little aid money there was..
1.3 International aid was slow and limited; if the sums were
related to the number affected, it equates to $4 per person.
1.4 In the North West aircraft was
sent to airlift victims from rooftops.
1.5 Boats and helicopters used by the
army saved 30,000 people in 72 hours.
1.6 In the first week, 300,000 refugees had gathered in the
Sind province, but only 20 relief camps were available.
2.1 Cholera was confirmed in the Swat valley, where
600,000 people had been cut off during the floods.
2.2 One-fifth of Pakistan was submerged by the floods, about the size of England.
2.3 14 million were affected by the flooding- 6 million of these
were children, 3 million were women of a child bearing age,
2.4 In the Sind province, the river Indus was 24km across, 25 times its normal width.
2.5 The humanitarian disaster which occurred after
the flooding affected one-ninth of the population.
2.6 Bridges and roads were washed away.
2.7 Over 11,000 villages were inundated and
1.2 million houses were damaged.
2.8 Food shortages led to doubling or tripling food prices.
The cost of agriculture destroyed came to £1.5 billion.
2.9 1,600 died.
3 General information and causes
3.1 in July 2010 Pakistan as hit by a 5 day period of intense precipitation,
including 60 hours of continuous rainfall, which exceeded the usually
total for 3 months of the monsoon season in this region by 30%.
3.2 Deforestation on the steep hills of the Swat Valley left
an unobstructed path for torrential rain.
3.3 In Sind the construction of levees raised the
river channel above the surrounding plains, which
left them more exposed to extensive flooding,
3.4 In Sukkar, there is a confluence of 5 major tributaries.