Gender

Kirbi
Mind Map by Kirbi, updated more than 1 year ago
Kirbi
Created by Kirbi about 5 years ago
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Distribution of Wealth and Income between different Social Groups
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Gender
1 21% of women live on a low income compared to 19% of men
1.1 Joseph Rowntree Foundation
2 Feminisation of Poverty
2.1 Feminist
2.1.1 Liberal Feminists say poverty by women being socialised into traditional gender roles
2.1.1.1 Being caring
2.1.1.2 Usually the one to look after someone who is sick
2.2 Women are over-represented in poverty stats
2.3 Hidden Poverty
2.3.1 Women face poverty whilst being hidden within the family
2.3.2 Resources not distributed evenly
2.3.3 Women go without so children have enough
2.3.4 Men have more control over household income
3 Flaherty (2004) suggested why women were more vulnerable to poverty
3.1 35% of women (16-64) are unemployed compared to 25% of men
3.2 Women earn 81p for every £1 a man earns
3.2.1 Caused by horizontal segregation
3.3 43% of women work part time compared to 13% of men
3.4 Responsible for care
3.5 22% of women (60<) live on a low income compared to16% of men
3.5.1 Some women have lower state pensions because they are paid less national insurance than men
3.6 92% of lone parents are women
3.6.1 38% of lone parents said their money runs out at the end of the week
4 Secondary Labour Market
4.1 Low pay, low skill, part time
4.1.1 Manufacturing/retail
4.2 Women are more likely to take these jobs as they are flexible (children)
5 Horizontal Segregation
5.1 Men and women concentrated in different employment sectors
5.2 5 C's
5.2.1 Catering, Cleaning, Caring, Cashiering, Clerical
6 Vertical Segregation
6.1 When men are concentrated in higher positions than women
6.1.1 Only 6% of consultants are women
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