English Lit and Lang terminology

christina.m
Mind Map by christina.m, updated more than 1 year ago
christina.m
Created by christina.m about 5 years ago
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a-levels English language/literature (Terminology) Mind Map on English Lit and Lang terminology, created by christina.m on 01/08/2015.

Resource summary

English Lit and Lang terminology
1 NOUNS
1.1 Common Noun- a naming word for a thing that is tangible
1.1.1 book, chair, man, penguin, murderer etc...
1.2 Abstract noun- a naming word for an idea, concept or belief
1.2.1 love, tidiness, politics etc
1.3 Proper noun- a naming word for a specific example of a COMMON noun
1.3.1 Eiffel Tower, Christina, Burnely
2 VERBS
2.1 Dynamic verb- a word that represents a physical action
2.1.1 jump, run, kill, stop, kiss etc
2.2 Stative verb- a word that represents a process that happens mentaly
2.2.1 think, loves, believe, to fear
2.3 AUXILIARY verb- a verb that has to be used with another verb, in order to create present or future tense
2.3.1 DID you go? I AM going
2.4 Modal verb- an auxiliary verb that shows a degree of posibility
2.4.1 might , could, must may should
3 PRONOUNS
3.1 First person pronoun - "I"
3.1.1 First person PLURAL- WE, OUR, US
3.2 Second person pronoun- "you"
3.3 Third person pronoun- him, her, he, she, it.
3.3.1 Third person PLURAL- THEM, THOSE
3.4 *POSSESSIVE pronoun (1st, 2nd, 3rd)- my, mine, hers, his, ours, yours, and theirs
3.5 *DEMONSTRATIVE pronoun- this, that, those
4 SENTENCE MOOD/TYPE
4.1 IIMPERATIVE sentence mood/type- when a sentence uses a command.
4.2 DECLARATIVE sentence mood/type- when a sentence is making a statement.
4.3 EXCLAMATORY sentence mood/type- when a sentence conveys a strong sense of emotion, sense of alarm or overly strong emphasis.
5 ADJECTIVE - a describing word
5.1 SUPERLATIVE - an adjective that displays the most extreme value of its quality ually end in 'est'
5.1.1 most, biggest, smallest, worst, furthest, quietest.
5.2 COMPARATIVE- an adjective that relates one thing in some way to another usually end in 'er'
5.2.1 bigger, smaller,further,farther etc
6 ADVERB- a describing word that modifies all types of words
6.1 time adverbials
7 DEFINITE article "the"
7.1 INDEFINITE article- "a" or "an"
8 MONOSYLLABIC Lexis- words of one syllable
8.1 POLYSYLLABIC Lexis- words of two+ syllables
9 REGISTER - the level of formality of a text
10 TENOR- the tone, or the relationship between author and reader, and how its created
11 COLLOQUIALISM- informal language usage
12 EXCLAMATION- one word with an exclamation mark (!)
13 ELLIPSIS- (...) significant pause
14 SYNTAX- the way words form sentences ( the ordering of them to create meaning
15 PARENTHESIS- an aside within a text by sectioning off extra info between brackets dashes or between commas
16 HYPOPHORIA- when a rhetorical question is immediately followed by an answer in a text
16.1 is this the best film? you bet it is!
17 LITOTES- Deliberately understatement of things or effects
18 PARALLELISM/PATTERNING- the creations of patterns in a text through a repetition of words or phrases(phonological parallelism) or by balancing meanings (semantic parallelism) for a deliberate effect
19 TRICOLON/TRIPLING- a repetition in groups of threes (adds sense of momentum)
20 PRE-MODIFICATION - When a descriptive word comes before the thing they are desccribing
20.1 POST-MODIFICATION- when the descriptive word comes after the thing they are describing
21 SYNECHDOCHE- a figure of speech that is made to represent the whole vice versa
21.1 a new set of wheel or behind bars
21.2 EXTENDED METAPHOR- when a metaphor continues throughout a text, with continuous reference to compared item.
21.2.1 HOMEIC/EPIC SIMILE- a Metaphor that is also treated a s simile
22 ALLUSION- refering to something metaphoriclally
23 FIELD SPECIFIC LEXIS- a LANGUAGE OF A CERTAIN AREA FSL for computer = mouse, monitor, gigabyte etc
24 SEMANTICS- the meaning of words
25 SYNONYM- an alternative word choice.
25.1 synonym for horror= fright
26 HOMOPHONE- WORDS THAT SOUND EXACTLY THE SAME NEW KNEW NO KNOW
26.1 NEW KNEW, NO KNOW, THEIR THEIR THEY'RE
26.2 HOMONYM- WORD WITH VARIOUS MEANINGS COOL , GREAT, HEAVY
27 COLLOCATIONS - words that naturally go together (fish&chips)
28 PHONOLOGICAL FEATURES -any feauture that relates to sound REPETITION/ ALLITERATION/CONSONACE
29 EXPOSITION- writer gets across info about the situation of the charecter
30 PROTAGONIST - MIN CHARACTER THE READER IS MEANT TO IDENTIFY WITH THE MOST
30.1 ANTAGONIST- THE ONE THAT OPPOSES THE PROTAGONIST
31 ANTHROPOMORPHISM- ANIMAL TAKES ROLE OF A HUMAN BEING (WEARING CLOTHES SPEAKING A LANGUAGE ETC
32 NEOLOGISM- A NEWLY INVENTED WORD
33 EUPHEMISM- THE POLITE WAY OF SAYING SOMETHING INAPPROPREIATE
33.1 DYSPHEMISM- extreme way of saying something
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