D 1) Pharmaceutical products


Mind Map on D 1) Pharmaceutical products, created by natasha.abdrahim on 01/13/2015.
Mind Map by natasha.abdrahim, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by natasha.abdrahim over 9 years ago

Resource summary

D 1) Pharmaceutical products
  1. Effects on the body
    1. alters the physiological state (consciousness, activity level or coordination)
      1. alters incoming sensory sensations •
        1. alters mood or emotions
        2. Medicine or drug
          1. any chemical that does one or more of the following to the human body, for better or worse
          2. Stages in the development of a drug
            1. 1. Identify disease
              1. 2. Identify a molecular target
                1. 3. Identify ‘lead’ molecule that can act on gene/enzyme in the disease organism
                  1. 4. Preclinical trials: testing of ‘lead molecule’ in laboratory (in vitro/In Vivo)
                    1. 5. Clinical trials (Testing of its effectiveness)
                      1. 6. Submission of reports to international or national regulatory bodies
                        1. 7. Monitoring of the drug
            2. Methods of administering drugs
              1. •Oral
                1. Parenteral
                  1. intravenouso, intramuscular & subcutaneous
                  2. •Inhalation
                    1. Rectal
                      1. Skin patches
                      2. Terms
                        1. Dosing regime = the amount of drug used for each
                          1. The therapeutic window is the range in amount or concentration over which a drug can be safely administered to a typical population
                            1. Tolerance refers to the body’s reduced response to a drug
                              1. Side-effects are physiological effects which are not intended and therefore undesired (intended = therapeutic effects)
                                1. The placebo effect occurs when a person experiences a positive therapeutic effect because they believe they have been given a medicine although the substance given is not a medicine
                                Show full summary Hide full summary


                                English Language Techniques
                                Zakiya Tabassum
                                MCAT Review: Human Skeletal System
                                STUDY PLANNER IGCSE
                                Sandra Reed
                                Animal Farm
                                GCSE Subjects
                                Digestive System Pre/Post Quiz
                                organic chemistry
                                Animal Farm CONTEXT
                                Lydia Richards2113
                                CARBOHYDRATES & SUGARS
                                Eleanor H
                                Část 2.
                                Gábi Krsková