1 Bowlby rejected view that babies as passive - noted how babies actively seeked interactions with others
1.1 from very first months babies look, reach, smile and make noises to draw people into communication
1.1.1 Up until 6 months babies actevely seek to establish relationships with people around them but after 6 months they are replaced by significant
188.8.131.52 Phase 1. Birth to 2-3 months - pays attention to people
Phase 2 3-6 months - more responsive to mother figure
Phase 3 - 6 months to 2 yrs - follows mother, withdraws from
strangers, less friendly to others Phase 4 - 2 plus - develops
insight into mothers feelings, motives and plans
2 Secure and insecure attachments -
research by Mary Ainsworth key
collaborator with Bowlby
2.1 Secure realtionships - highly enjoyable mutally satisfying
relationships - more sensitive to babies signals
2.2 Insecure relationships -
muted and insecure
3 Attachment - Not just Mothers a scure attachment can
be realised with the primary care giver.
3.1 different attachment figures are used by children in different ways - normally one or two dominate.
3.1.1 an attachment figure is a secure base
184.108.40.206 Secure base from which to explore the world - Humans need to adapt to ever change world and situations , we
need to interpret responces and what will happen next - Models in our minds - our first Model constructed in the
mind is of his or her mother - enables the child to understand thier own self and the world around them and their
place within it.
220.127.116.11.1 Humans have an natural instint to explore the world around them, having a secure base in a good attachment enables the child to do this
successfully with confidence to develop rather than feeling vulnerable.