THORAX AND LUNGS

glydel guiao
Mind Map by glydel guiao, updated more than 1 year ago
glydel guiao
Created by glydel guiao about 1 year ago
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USE THIS AS REFERENCE

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THORAX AND LUNGS
  1. RESPIRATION PATTERNS
    1. NORMAL
      1. 14-20/MIN AND REGULAR
        1. NORMAL BREATHING PATTERN
        2. TACHYPNEA
          1. 24/MIN AND SHALLOW
            1. MAY BE A NORMAL RESPONSE TO FEVER, EXERCISE AND ANXIETY
          2. BRADYPNEA
            1. <10/MIN AND REGULAR
              1. MAY BE REGULAR IN WELL CONDITIONED ATHLETES.
                1. CAN OCCUR IN MEDICATION INDUCED DEPRESSION OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
              2. HYPERVENTILATION
                1. INCREASED RATE AND DEPTH
                  1. USUALLY OCCURS IN EXTREME EXERCISE, FEAR OR ANXIETY
                2. HYPOVENTILATION
                  1. DECREASED RATE AND DEPTH IRREGULAR PATTERN
                    1. USUALLY ASSOCIATED W/ OVERDOSE OF NARCOTICS AND ANETHETICS
                  2. CHEYNE-STOKES RESPIRATION
                    1. REGULAR PATTERN CHARACTERIZED BY ALTERNATING PERIODS OF DEEP, RAPID BREATHING FOLLOWED BY PERIODS OF APNEA
                      1. MAY RESULT FROM SEVERE CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE, DRUG OVERDOSE INCREASED INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE OR RENAL FAILURE. MAY BE NOTED IN ELDERLY PERSON DURING SLEEP
                    2. BIOT'S RESPIRATION
                      1. IRREGULAR PATTERN CHARACTERIZED BY VARYING DEPTH RATE OF RESPIRATION FOLLOWED BY PERIODS OF APNEA
                        1. MAY BE SEEN W/ MENINGITIS OR SEVERE BRAIN DAMMAGE
                      2. FINDINGS
                        1. NORMAL
                          1. PINK
                            1. INTERCOSTAL SPACE SHOULD BE EVEN AND RELAXED
                              1. CHEST SYMMETRY IS EQUAL
                                1. RESPIRATION PATTERNS IS EVEN WITH 14-20 MIN UNLABORED
                                  1. ANTERIOR & POSTERIOR TO LATERAL DIAMETER IS 1:2 RATIO
                                    1. SHAPE & POSITION IS LEVEL W/ RIBS
                                      1. CHEST EXPANSION IS 3 INCHES W/ DEEP INSPIRATION
                                        1. POSITION OF TRACHEA IS IN MIDLINE
                                        2. DEVIATION FROM NORMAL
                                          1. PALLOR, CYANOSIS
                                            1. BULGING AND RETRACTING
                                              1. UNEQUAL
                                                1. UNEVEN, LABORED, <12/MIN OR >20/MIN, SHALLOW AND DEEP
                                                  1. >1:2 RATIO OR <1:2
                                                    1. SHAPE & POSITION IS DEPRESSED OR PROJECTING
                                                      1. POSITION OF TRACHEA IS DEVIATED TO ONE SIDE
                                                        1. LESS THAN 3 INCHES W/ DEEP INSPIRATION & DECREASED CHEST EXCURSION
                                                      2. ALTERED VOICE SOUND OVER LUNGS PERIPHERY
                                                        1. BRONCHOPHONY
                                                          1. SOUND MUFFLED
                                                            1. SOUND LOUD AND CLEAR OVER CONSOLIDATION FROM PNEUMONIA ATELECTASIS OR TUMOR
                                                            2. WHISPERED PECTORILOQUY
                                                              1. SOUND MUFFLED
                                                                1. SOUND LOUD AND CLEAR OVER AREAS OF CONSOLIDATION
                                                                2. EGOPHONY
                                                                  1. SOUND LIKE MUFFLED "EE"
                                                                    1. SOUND LIKE "AY" OVER ARES CONSOLIDATION OR COMPRESSION
                                                                  2. TECHNIQUE
                                                                    1. AUSCULTATION
                                                                      1. INSPECTION
                                                                        1. PALPATION
                                                                          1. PERCUSSION
                                                                            1. EQUIPMENTS
                                                                              1. STETHOSCOPE
                                                                                1. SKIN MARKER
                                                                                  1. CENTIMETER RULER
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