Aortic regurgitation

Laura Smitherman
Mind Map by Laura Smitherman, updated more than 1 year ago
Laura Smitherman
Created by Laura Smitherman about 5 years ago
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Description

Postgraduate Medicine Cardiology Mind Map on Aortic regurgitation, created by Laura Smitherman on 03/10/2015.

Resource summary

Aortic regurgitation
1 Causes
1.1 cusp erosion
1.1.1 infective endocarditis
1.2 cusp malformation
1.2.1 bicuspid
1.3 aortic wall disease
1.3.1 dilatation
1.3.1.1 HTN
1.3.1.2 Reiter's
1.3.1.3 ankylosing spondylitis
1.4 risk factors
1.4.1 Marfan's/ Ehler-Danlos (type IV)
1.4.2 SLE
1.4.3 Turner syndrome
2 Signs
2.1 Severe
2.1.1 pulse
2.1.1.1 collapsing
2.1.1.2 wide pulse pressures
2.1.2 nail bed
2.1.2.1 visible pulsation
2.1.2.1.1 Quincke's sign
2.1.3 chest
2.1.3.1 early diastolic murmur
2.1.3.1.1 soft
2.1.3.1.2 lower left sternal edge
2.1.3.2 apex beat
2.1.3.2.1 thrusting
2.1.3.2.2 displaced
2.1.4 Head/neck
2.1.4.1 visible arterial pulsation
2.1.4.1.1 Corrigan's sign
2.1.4.2 Head bobbing
2.1.4.2.1 de Mussset's sign
3 Symptoms
3.1 asymptomatic until LV fails
3.2 HF symptoms
3.3 rare
3.3.1 angina
4 Management
4.1 Symptomatic
4.1.1 valve replacement
4.1.2 HF treatment
5 Pathophysiology
5.1 elevated preload
5.1.1 volume overload
5.1.1.1 dilatation
5.2 elevated afterload due to increased stroke volume
5.2.1 pressure overload
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