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Cardiovascular Diseases- Clinical Pharmacology 5th Year

Description

Cardiovascular Diseases- Clinical Pharmacology 5th Year
Med Student
Quiz by Med Student , updated more than 1 year ago
Med Student
Created by Med Student over 2 years ago
99
3

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Drugs, used for treatment of chronic heart failure are
Answer
  • Cardiac glycosides
  • ACE-inhibitors
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Diuretics

Question 2

Question
Diuretics, used in chronic liver failure are
Answer
  • osmotic diuretics
  • thiazide diuretics
  • loop diuretics
  • aldosterone antagonists

Question 3

Question
The therapy of cardiac failure should starts
Answer
  • As earlier as having diagnose
  • ACE inhibitors are recommended as first line drugs
  • The very low doses are preferred
  • Start with high doses

Question 4

Question
The most often ADRs of β-blockers are
Answer
  • Tiredness
  • Bradycardia
  • AV block
  • Hypertension

Question 5

Question
Diuretics are combined with which of the drugs for treatment of cardiac failure
Answer
  • ACE inhibitors
  • Cardiac glycosides
  • β-blockers
  • Organic nitrates

Question 6

Question
Indications for using cardiac glycosides in the therapy of congestive heart failure are
Answer
  • early stage of chronic cardiac failure
  • heavy CCF
  • supra-ventricular fibrillations
  • decrease the mortality rate

Question 7

Question
Characteristic feature of angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) are
Answer
  • good tolerability
  • better compliance
  • complex hemodynamic improving effect
  • less tolerated and low compliance in comparison with ACE inhibitors

Question 8

Question
Which of the following drugs are used for treatment of Prinzmetal angina
Answer
  • propranolol
  • diltiazem
  • verapamil
  • furosemide

Question 9

Question
Antianginal drugs are:
Answer
  • Cardiac glycosides
  • β-blockers
  • Organic nitrates
  • Calcium channel blockers

Question 10

Question
Which of the following are preferred for treatment of stable angina
Answer
  • calcium channel blockers
  • organic nitrates
  • diuretics
  • β-blockers

Question 11

Question
The adverse drug reactions of nitrates used for acute attacks are
Answer
  • tachycardia
  • tolerance
  • hypertension
  • headache and flushing

Question 12

Question
The anti-angina effect of β-blockers is due to
Answer
  • bradycardic effect
  • coronary vessels dilation
  • reduced oxygen demand of the heart
  • inhibition of platelet aggregation

Question 13

Question
The adverse drug reactions of dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonists are
Answer
  • tachycardia
  • bradycardia
  • swelling of ankles
  • flushing and headache

Question 14

Question
Withdrawal syndrome is observed in treatment with
Answer
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • β-blockers
  • Organic nitrates
  • Metabolotropic drugs

Question 15

Question
The adverse drug reactions of non-dihyropyridine calcium channel antagonists are
Answer
  • tachycardia
  • bradycardia
  • constipation
  • heart failure

Question 16

Question
Anti-angina effects of organic nitrates is done by
Answer
  • decreased preload of the heart
  • improved oxygen supply
  • reduced afterload of the heart
  • dilation of coronary vessels

Question 17

Question
Supplementary drugs are
Answer
  • Trimetazidine
  • Verapamil
  • Isodinite
  • Ivabradine

Question 18

Question
Antihypertensive drugs are
Answer
  • Diuretics
  • ACE inhibitors
  • Angiotensin receptor blockers
  • β-blockers

Question 19

Question
Mechanisms of antihypertensive drugs are
Answer
  • decrease of blood volume
  • decreased sensitivity of vessels to vasoconstrictors
  • reduced activity of renin-angiotensin system
  • decreased peripheral vascular tone

Question 20

Question
Adverse drug reactions of salt losing diuretics are
Answer
  • hyperglycemia
  • hyperuricemia
  • hypopotassiemia
  • hyperpotassiamia

Question 21

Question
Drugs preferred for treatment of hypertensive crisis are
Answer
  • Furosemide
  • Clonidine
  • Nitroprusside
  • Pindolol

Question 22

Question
Drugs decreasing myocardial hypertrophy are
Answer
  • β-blockers
  • Angiotensin receptors blockers
  • Diuretics
  • α-blockers

Question 23

Question
Rational drug combinations for treatment of hypertension are
Answer
  • β-blocker + α-blocker
  • β-blocker + diuretic
  • α-blocker + ACE inhibitor
  • Calcium channel antagonists + diuretic

Question 24

Question
Adverse drug reactions of ACE inhibitors are
Answer
  • angioedema
  • dry cough
  • hyperlipidemia
  • hyperglycemia

Question 25

Question
Adverse drug reactions of α-blockers are
Answer
  • tachycardia
  • flush syndrome
  • dry mouth
  • orthostatic hypotension

Question 26

Question
Antihypertensive drugs with direct vasodilating effects are
Answer
  • Diazoxide
  • Nitroprusside
  • Propranolol
  • Methyldopa

Question 27

Question
Antihypertensive drugs are
Answer
  • α2 -agonists
  • α2-blockers
  • M-cholinolytics
  • Antihistamine drugs
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