1.1 War guilt - Germany had to
accept the blame for starting the
1.2 Reperations - The major powers
agreed, without consulting
Germany, that Germany had to
pay reperations to the Allies for
the damage caused by the war. It
was set in 1921 to 6600 marks.
This was changed under the Young
Plan in 1929, Germany had to
finish this bill by 1984.
1.3 German territories and colonies -
Germany's overseas empire was taken
away. One of the causes of bad
relations between Britain and
Germany before the war. France and
Britain technically owned them
because former German colonies
became controlled by the League of
1.4 The size and power of the
German army was a major
concern to all the powers,
1.4.1 The army was limited to 100,000 men
1.4.2 Conscription was banned -
soldiers had to be
1.4.3 Germany wasn't allowed
armoured vehicles, submarines
1.4.4 The navy could only build six battleships
1.4.5 Rhineland became demilitarised zone - no German troops
were allowed into that area. Rhineland was important
because it was border area between Germany and France.
2.1 Previous methods of keeping peace had failed + so League
of Nations was set up as internation 'police force'. Germany
wasn't invited to join League of Nations until it had shown
that it was a peace-loving country.
3 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk - 1917
3.1 Germans had taken a lot of land
from Russia + were suprised that it
was a harsh treaty.