English Language Section A

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AS levels English Mind Map on English Language Section A, created by edible wallpaper on 09/24/2013.

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edible wallpaper
Created by edible wallpaper about 6 years ago
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English Language Section A
1 Q1
1.1 Things to remember.
1.1.1 8 marks
1.1.2 Retreival
1.1.3 Embedded Quotes
1.1.3.1 2-3 words
1.1.4 15 mins
1.1.4.1 including active reading time - 3mins
1.1.5 4-5 relevant points
1.1.6 Show you fully understand the text using evidence
1.1.7 Highlight the most important words in the question
1.1.7.1 The most important words tell you what to write about.
1.1.8 GAP
1.1.8.1 Genre- what is it? An article? A book extract?
1.1.8.2 Audience- Who is the audience? Age? Gender? Class? Interests?
1.1.8.3 Purpose- What is the purpose of the text? To inform? To entertain?
1.1.8.3.1 For Q1 the likley purposes will be; to inform, to explain, to describe or argue.
1.1.9 Address the question
1.1.10 DON'T copy chunks of text
1.1.11 Pepper your points with 2-3 word quotes
1.1.12 Write a clear simple opening sentence
1.1.13 2-3 sentences per point
2 Q2
2.1 Things to remember
2.1.1 8 Marks
2.1.2 15 mins
2.1.2.1 Including active reading time - 3 mins
2.1.3 Briskly analyse the language of presentational features
2.1.3.1 Headlines
2.1.3.1.1 1. Headlines are BIG, BOLD and PROMINENT; they attract the reader TYPOGRAPHICALLY
2.1.3.1.1.1 2. The LANGUAGE of headlines tries to amuse/attract/shock /fascinate/interst/intrige the reader
2.1.3.1.1.1.1 3. Headlines SUMMARISE the article; they LINK to it
2.1.3.1.2 Headlines with puns
2.1.3.1.2.1 e.g - Science friction
2.1.3.1.2.2 Often contain an idiom (well known phrase/saying) or a cultural reference.
2.1.3.1.3 Headlines with other devices
2.1.3.1.3.1 Alliteration
2.1.3.1.3.2 Rule of three
2.1.3.1.3.3 Repetition
2.1.3.1.3.4 Personification
2.1.3.1.3.5 Cliche
2.1.3.1.3.6 Exaggeration
2.1.3.1.3.7 Hyperbole
2.1.3.1.3.8 Rhetorical Question
2.1.3.1.3.9 Figurative Language
2.1.3.2 Sub-headlines
2.1.3.3 Captions
2.1.4 Analyse the image
2.1.5 Explain how presentational features are effective
2.1.5.1 How they link to the text
2.1.6 Highlight the key words in the question.
2.2 The Picture
2.2.1 They are usually given prominent positions
2.2.2 They support the headline, they try to amuse / attract / shock/ fascinate / interest / intrigue the reader.
2.2.3 They illustrate the article. They depict the story being told.
2.2.4 Colour should be considered
2.3 It will ALWAYS
2.3.1 Ask you to link the presentational features to the content of the text.
2.3.2 Ask you to analyse the presentational features, noticing how they are effective.
2.4 REMEMBER
2.4.1 Explain how the headline and picture are effective, and how they link to the text.
2.4.2 Explain how the headline, sub-headline and picture are effective, and how they link to the text.
2.4.3 Explain how the headline, picture and caption are effective, and how they link to the text.
3 Q3
3.1 Things to remember
3.1.1 Inference and Deduction
3.1.2 8 marks
3.1.3 15 minutes
3.1.3.1 including active reading time
3.1.4 Briskly analyse the language of the text to answer the question
3.1.5 Discuss four or five points where the reader is able to ‘read between the lines’
3.1.5.1 for example
3.1.5.1.1 “I was already unhappy with what I was seeing. I'm causing this to happen, I kept thinking. This pig has been hand-fed for six months, fattened up - for me.”
3.1.5.1.1.1 The inference or deduction from this is...
3.1.5.1.1.1.1 Guilt
3.2 The Question
3.2.1 Highlight the key words in the question. Usually, the question asks you to explain some thoughts and feelings of a first-person narrator.
3.2.2 PAY CAREFUL ATTENTION TO THE QUESTION
3.3 Actively read the text
3.3.1 You are looking for particular parts of the text which you have been asked to write about in the question.
3.4 Highlight sections that will help you answer the question.
3.5 Annotate the article very briefly with ideas that will help you answer the question.
4 Q4
4.1 Remember
4.1.1 16 marks
4.1.2 30 minutes
4.1.2.1 including active reading time
4.1.3 You need to identify 4 devices (techniques, or features) used in two texts
4.1.4 Analyse the effect of some of these devices.
4.1.4.1 Comment on similarities and differences of the two texts
4.2 Language is always used for some kind of effect or other.
4.2.1 You can talk about the kind of language a writer uses, noticing what kind of words are used, or what kind of tone or style is created by language and structure.
4.3 Linguistic devices
4.3.1 1st, 2nd or 3rd person, (narrative viewpoint)
4.3.2 Directly addressing the reader
4.3.3 Imperatives
4.3.4 Rhetorical Questions
4.3.5 Register - Formal/Informal language
4.3.6 Diction - Simple/Complex vocabulary
4.3.7 Figurative Language & Imagery: Similes/Metaphor/ Personification etc.
4.3.8 Word play & puns
4.3.9 Alliteration
4.3.10 Rhyme & Rhythm
4.3.11 Slogan & Catchphrase
4.3.12 Anecdote & Allusion
4.3.13 Statistics & Facts
4.3.14 Exaggeration & Hyperbole
4.3.15 Repetition
4.3.16 Humour
4.3.17 Lists
4.3.18 Emotive Language
4.3.19 Punctuation Type
4.3.20 Expert advice
4.3.21 Short sentences
4.3.22 Superlatives
4.4 The Question
4.4.1 The language question is always the same: It will ask you to compare Text 3 (or ‘Source 3’) with either Text 1 or Text 2.
4.4.2 You need to be writing about how language is used in the two texts, identifying and analysing language devices.
4.4.3 Highlight the key words in the question.
4.5 Highlight words, phrases, passages, statistics etc. that will help you answer the question.

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