Art & Design in Context

Rosario Flores Arroyo
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Chloe Scott
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Rosario Flores Arroyo
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History of Photography

Resource summary

Art & Design in Context
1 1920 - 1939
1.1 Eugène Atget (1857-1927)
1.1.1 French flâneur and a pioneer of documentary photography
1.1.2 Came to artistic fame after his death
1.1.3 Rue de l'Hôtel de Ville (1921)
1.2 André Kertész (1894–1985)
1.2.1 Meudon (1928)
1.2.2 Hungarian-born photographer known for his groundbreaking contributions to photographic composition and the photo essay
1.2.3 Migrated to the US in 1936, where he had to rebuild his reputation through commissioned work due to German persecution of the Jews and the threat of World War II
1.3 1925 - The Leica introduces the 35 mm format to still photography
1.4 Alexander Rodchenko (1891– 1956)
1.4.1 White Sea Canal, 1933
1.4.2 Russian artist, sculptor, photographer and graphic designer. He was one of the founders of constructivism and Russian design
1.4.3 He worked as a painter and graphic designer before turning to photomontage and photography
1.5 August Sander (1876–1964)
1.5.1 Pastry Cook (1928)
1.5.2 German portrait and documentary photographer
1.5.3 His work includes landscape, nature, architecture, and street photography, but he is best known for his portraits
1.6 Man Ray (1890–1976)
1.6.1 Dust Breeding (1920)
1.6.2 American visual artist who spent most of his career in France
1.6.3 Best known for his photography, and he was a renowned fashion and portrait photographer
1.7 Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908–2004)
1.7.1 Behind the Gare Saint -Lazare (1932)
1.7.2 French photographer considered the master of candid photography, and an early user of 35 mm film
1.7.3 He helped develop street photography and approvingly cited a notion of the inevitability of a decisive moment
1.8 WW2 1939-1945
1.9 The Great Depression
2 1880-1899
2.1 1884-1889 - Flexible Roll Film
2.2 Thomas Eakins (1844–1916)
2.2.1 Two Pupils in Greek Dress (1883)
2.2.2 American realist painter, photographer, sculptor, and fine arts educator
2.2.3 Widely acknowledged to be one of the most important artists in American art history
2.3 Peter Henry Emerson (1856-1936)
2.3.1 A Winter's Morning (1887)
2.3.2 British writer and photographer
2.3.3 Known for taking photographs that displayed natural settings and for his disputes with the photographic establishment about the purpose and meaning of photography
2.4 1887 – Celluloid film base introduced
2.5 1888 – The Kodak n°1 box camera, the first easy-to-use camera is introduced
2.6 1888 – Louis Le Prince makes Roundhay Garden Scene, believed to be the first motion picture on film ever made
2.7 1898 – Kodak introduces the Folding Pocket Kodak
3 1860-1879
3.1 Timothy H. O'Sullivan (1840-1882)
3.1.1 The Harvest of Death' (1863)
3.1.2 Known for his work related to the American Civil War and the Western United States
3.2 Eadweard Muybridge (1830-1904)
3.2.1 English photographer important for his pioneering work in photographic studies of motion, and early work in motion-picture projection


  • Wanted to prove a horse lifted 4 feet when it trotted Phases of a Stride by a Pony While Cantering (1879)
3.3 André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri (1819–1889)
3.3.1 Carte de Visite (Cdv) November 1854


  • French Portraits photographed 8 times in a rapid sequence by a camera with 8 lens' 8 poses in the space of a few minutes Small, and sent in the post - Turned photography into a true industry
3.3.2 French photographer who started his photographic career as a daguerreotypist but gained greater fame for patenting his version of the carte de visite, a small photographic image which was mounted on a card
3.4 1871-1878 - Dry Plates
3.5 American Civil War - 1861 to 1865
3.6 1871 – The gelatin emulsion is invented by Richard Maddox
4 1839-1859
4.1 Louis Daguerre (1787–1851)


  • Discovered his own method of fixing the shadows. Fixed his images on a mirrored metal plate. The images made, were one-off prints: Dagurreotype - described as "mirrored memory" in the 19th century. Unique visual experience
4.1.1 Fixing the shadows 1839
4.1.2 French artist and photographer, recognized for his invention of the daguerreotype process of photography Boulevard du Temple (1838)
4.1.3 Daguerreotype


  • Images were fixed on a mirrored metal plate, and they were one off images.
4.2 Willliam Henry Fox Talbot (1800–1877)
4.2.1 British scientist, inventor and photography pioneer who invented the salted paper and calotype processes
4.2.2 Talbot invented the first process for creating reasonably light-fast and permanent photographs that was made available to the public
4.2.3 Nelson's Column under construction - 1844
4.3 Camera Obscura
4.3.1 Optical device that led to photography and the photographic camera


  • The device consists of a box or room with a hole in one side. Light from an external scene passes through the hole and strikes a surface inside, where it is reproduced, inverted (thus upside-down), but with color and perspective preserved. The image can be projected onto paper, and can then be traced to produce a highly accurate representation
4.4 The Wet-Collodion Process - 1851
4.5 1848 – Edmond Becquerel makes the first full-color photographs, but they are only laboratory curiosities
5 1940 - 1959
5.1 1942 – Kodacolor, the first color film that yields negatives for making chromogenic color prints on paper. Roll films for snapshot cameras only, 35 mm not available until 1958
5.2 1954 – Leica M Introduced
5.3 Tony Vaccaro (1922)
5.3.1 Attack on Hemmerden (1945)
5.3.2 American photographer who is best known for his photos taken in Europe during 1944 and 1945 and in Germany after World War II
5.4 Henryk Ross (1910 – 1991)
5.4.1 Playing as a Ghetto Policeman (1943)
5.4.2 Polish Jewish photographer who was employed by the Department of Statistics for the Jewish Council working as a staff photographer
5.6 1957 – First digital computer acquisition of scanned photographs, by Russell Kirsch
6 1960 - 1979
6.1 Shōmei Tōmatsu (1930–2012)
6.1.1 Melted Bottle (1961)
6.1.2 Japanese photographer While still a student, he had his photographs published by the major Japanese photography magazines
6.2 Diane Arbus (1923–1971)
6.2.1 Marcella Matthaei (1969)
6.2.2 American photographer and writer noted for photographs of marginalised people - dwarfs, giants, transgender people, nudists, circus performers
6.3 1964 – First Pentax Spotmatic SLR introduced
7 1980 - 1999
7.1 1986 – Kodak scientists invent the world's first megapixel sensor.
7.2 1994 – Nikon introduces the first optical-stabilized lens
7.3 1993–95 – The Jet Propulsion Laboratory develops devices using CMOS or active pixel sensors
7.4 Robert Frank (1924)
7.4.1 Covered car - Long Beach, California, 1956
7.4.2 American photographer and documentary filmmaker
7.4.3 His most notable work, the 1958 book titled The Americans, earned Frank comparisons to a modern-day de Tocqueville for his fresh and nuanced outsider's view of American society
7.5 William Klein (1928)
7.5.1 Gun 1, New York 1995
7.5.2 American-born French photographer and filmmaker noted for his ironic approach to both media and his extensive use of unusual photographic techniques in the context of photojournalism and fashion photography.
7.6 1991 - Kodak released the first commercially available digital SLR - known as the Kodak DCS-100
8 2000 - 2015
8.1 Chuck Close (1940)
8.1.1 Kate Moss (2003)
8.1.2 American painter and photographer who achieved fame as a photorealist, through his massive-scale portraits
8.1.3 known for using creative and intricate patterns to portray a human portrait
8.2 Joel Meyerowritz (1938)
8.2.1 Inside the pile, looking west (2001)
8.2.2 Street photographer and portrait and landscape photographer
8.2.3 He began photographing in color in 1962 and was an early advocate of the use of color during a time when there was significant resistance to the idea of color photography as serious art
8.3 11th September, 2001 - 9/11
8.4 2009 – Kodak announces the discontinuance of Kodachrome film.
8.5 2006 – Dalsa produces a 111 megapixel CCD sensor, the highest resolution at that time
8.6 Dan Mountford
8.6.1 "Personal Project" 2010-2011
8.6.2 Dan Mountford is a 24 year old multidisciplinary designer from the UK.
8.7 Jill Greenberg (1967)
8.7.1 American photographer and artist known for her portraits and fine art work that often features anthropomorphized animals that have been digitally manipulated with painterly effects.
9 1900-1919
9.1 Jaques - Henri Lartigue (1894–1986)
9.1.1 Bichonnade Leaping (1905)


9.1.2 French photographer and painter - known for his photographs of automobile races, planes and Parisian fashion female models
9.2 Edward Steichen (1879-1973)
9.2.1 Brooklyn Bridge. (1903)
9.2.2 Luxembourgish American photographer, painter, and art gallery and museum curator
9.3 Robert Demachy (1859–1936)
9.3.1 'Speed' (1904)
9.3.2 French Pictorial photographer
9.3.3 known for his intensely manipulated prints that display a distinct painterly quality.
9.4 1900 - Kodak introduced the "Brownie" camera, a very inexpensive user-reloadable point-and-shoot box camera
9.5 1907 – The Autochrome plate is introduced and becomes the first commercially successful color photography product
9.6 WW! 1914-1918
9.7 1917 - The Russian Revolution and communism
9.8 Alvin Langdon Coburn (1882 - 1966)
9.8.1 Ezra Pound (1917)
9.8.2 Photographer who became a key figure in the development of American pictorialism. He became the first key photographer to emphasize the visual potential of elevated viewpoints and later made some of the first completely abstract photographs.
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