The Alps - Fold Mountain Case Study

Amelia Brown
Mind Map by Amelia Brown, updated more than 1 year ago
Amelia Brown
Created by Amelia Brown about 5 years ago
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Information taken from a note by helen_rebecca
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The Alps - Fold Mountain Case Study
1 Farming
1.1 Steep Upland
1.1.1 Goats
1.1.1.1 Milk
1.1.1.1.1 Farmers use pipes to transport it down the slopes
1.1.1.2 Cheese
1.1.1.3 Meat
1.2 Valleys
1.2.1 Nutrient rich
1.2.2 Crops
1.3 Sunny Slopes
1.3.1 Vineyards
1.3.1.1 WIne
1.3.1.2 Income
2 Mining
2.1 Often the minerals were blasted from the ground in large quarries which scarred the landscape
2.2 Salt, iron ore, silver and copper were mined in the Alps, but mining has declined due to cheaper foreign sources
2.3 Eisenerz in Austria developed as a mining village as there was lots of iron ore in the mountains which was used to make steel for nearby industry
3 Tourism
3.1 100 000 000 per year
3.2 New Villages, e.g. Tignes France
3.3 Ski runs, lifts and cable cars as well as hotels cover the landscape
4 Hydroelectric Power
4.1 Fast flowing rivers are good for HEP power stations- the speed of the water turns the turbines to create the electricity
4.2 The narrow valleys are dammed. Switzerland gets 60% of its power from HEP power stations in the Alps
4.3 The electricity is used to power local homes, it’s also taken to further away cities
5 Forestry
5.1 2nd Most important land use
5.2 Many forests lost to settlements and river regulation
5.3 Scots pines are planted over the Alps, as they can withstand the goats
5.3.1 Many native species lost
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