gloriachan
Mind Map by , created about 6 years ago

Hons Degree DD303 Cognitive Psychology (Concepts) Mind Map on Concepts, created by gloriachan on 09/27/2013.

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gloriachan
Created by gloriachan about 6 years ago
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Concepts
1 Definitions
1.1 What are concepts?
1.1.1 Concepts and Cognition
1.1.1.1 Memory, Recognition, Language, Reasoning
1.1.2 Theories
1.1.2.1 Classical view
1.1.2.1.1 Overview
1.1.2.1.1.1 Common properties are all it needs (Hull 1920, Bruner et al 1956)
1.1.2.1.1.2 All or none
1.1.2.1.1.3 Similarity
1.1.2.1.2 Evaluation
1.1.2.1.2.1 Typicality (Rosch 1973)
1.1.2.1.2.2 Borderline cases
1.1.2.1.2.3 Intransivity (Hampton 1982)
1.1.2.2 Prototype view
1.1.2.2.1 Overview
1.1.2.2.1.1 Concepts organised around central prototype
1.1.2.2.1.2 Items similarity to prototype
1.1.2.2.1.3 Weighting of properties
1.1.2.2.2 Evaluation
1.1.2.2.2.1 Accounts for typicality
1.1.2.2.2.1.1 Sensitive to context
1.1.2.2.2.1.2 Changable v stable
1.1.2.2.2.2 Complex concepts
1.1.2.2.2.3 What is similar and dissimilar
1.1.2.3 Common-sense theory
1.1.2.3.1 Overview
1.1.2.3.1.1 Large knowledge structure
1.1.2.3.1.2 Explanation based (Murphy & Medin)
1.1.2.3.1.3 Role to explain behaviour
1.1.2.3.2 Evaluation
1.1.2.3.2.1 + age related change in children's categorisation
1.1.2.3.2.2 Unclear what constitutes a theory
1.1.2.3.2.3 Unclear about complex concepts
1.1.2.4 Psychological essentialism
1.1.2.4.1 Overview
1.1.2.4.1.1 try explaining deeper explanatory printicples
1.1.2.4.1.2 Essential properties
1.1.2.4.2 Evaluation
1.1.2.4.2.1 acknowledge importance of essential properties
1.1.2.4.2.2 Mixed empirical support
1.1.2.5 Why no single agreed theory?
1.1.2.5.1 Categorisation may not be a single process
1.1.2.5.2 Different theories may explain different types of categories
1.1.2.5.3 People categorise per their needs and experience
1.1.2.5.4 Not all concepts the same (defined/fuzzy)
1.2 What are categories?
1.2.1 Function of categorisation (Bruner et al 1956)
1.2.2 How categorisation is studied?
1.2.2.1 Techniques

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