1 "Nature vs Nurture" is a psychology term related to
whether heredity or the environment most impacts
human psychological development
2 Parenting Definition:The process of taking care of
children until they are old enough to take care of
3 Challenges of Parenthood; New Responsibilities, Changes in Lifestyle, Emotional Adjustments, Changes in Relationships, Employment
4 Rewards of Parenthood: Parents feel happiness,pride, and
love that they never felt before, Parents often see the world
with new eyes, Enrich an already strong marriage, Raising
children can give parents a great sense of accomplishment.
5 Your impact on Children: You have an impact on children's lives(regular contact and
even less frequent), People and events shape who children become, younger children
are watching you and paying attention to how you behave.
6 Stimulation: An action or thing that
causes someones or something to
become more active or enthusiastic;
or to develop or operate
7 Five Characteristics of Child Development: 1.Development is similar for each
individual 2. Development builds upon earlier learning 3.Development proceeds at
an individual rate 4.The different areas of development are interrelated 5.
Development is a life long process
8 Galinsky's Six Stages of Parenthood: Image Making, Nurturing, Authority, Interpretive, Independent, Departure
9 Role of Music in Child Development: Music does more than just bring joy to children; it helps their brain cells make the connection needed for virtually every
10 Examples of how families meet each of a child's basic needs: Physical;clothing,healthy happy Intellectual;read,print,talk Social; share, polite Emotional; feel loved, feel safe
11 Differences between Children Today and Children in the Past: HEALTH; before the twentieth century, it was common for parents to loose a child due to illness.Today, many deadly diseases can be controlled.
EDUCATION;Public education for all children did not become widespread in this country until the early 1800's. Schools were small and they often included children of different ages and abilities in the same
classroom. In today;s school's, students are grouped according to age and learning levels.LOVE; One thing that hasn't changed is children's need for love.WORK; Up until the twentieth century children were expected
to work at adult jobs at an early age. Today,most young children are still expected to work but at growing,learning, and playing. PLAY; In the past children had fewer toys, were often handmade, Today they variety of
toys is endless.DRESS; Children in the past dressed more formally. Today casual clothes for boys&girls are often similar in style.
12 Single Parent: Includes either a mother or father and atleast one child, Nuclear Family: Includes a mother and father and atleast one child, Blended Family: Formed when a single parent marries another
person who may or may not have children
13 Family Life-Cycle:Beginning Stage-Couple works to establish a home and relationship Parental Stage 1- Expanded stage Parental Stage 2-Developing
Stage Parental Stage 3-Launching Stage Middle Age-Couple renews their relationship and prepares for retirement Retirement- Couple stops full time
14 One way to build a strong family is to have family traditions
15 Parenting Styles: Authoritarian- Parent believes children should obey their parents
without question,Permissive-Parents give children a wide range of freedom, child may
set their own rules Assertive/Democratic-Children have more input into the rules and
limits of the home
16 Three Ways to Hold Conflict Effectively: Keep Cool, Be an Active Listener, Use Positive Body Language
17 4 Different Methods of Negative Reinforcement; 1.Natural Consequences 2. Logical Consequences 3. Loss of Privilege 4. Time Out
18 Poor Disciplinary Measures:Bribing, Making Children Promise to Behave