Spoken Language

gkempson
Mind Map by , created about 6 years ago

English Mind Map on Spoken Language, created by gkempson on 09/29/2013.

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gkempson
Created by gkempson about 6 years ago
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Spoken Language
1 Different uses of spoken language
1.1 Animals/small children
1.1.1 Simple
1.1.2 Soothing
1.1.3 White lies
1.2 Enemies
1.2.1 Hostile
1.2.2 Sarcasm
1.3 Grandparents
1.3.1 Polite
1.3.2 No slang
1.3.3 Loud
1.4 With Friends
1.4.1 Casual
1.4.2 Slang
1.4.3 Banter
2 Skills needed to get an A or an A*
2.1 Sustained awareness of how spoken language is used selected and adapted.
2.2 Sustained understanding of influences on speakers’ language choices.
2.3 Sustained ability to analyse and evaluate variations and changes in spoken language.
2.4 Sustained ability to identify, understand, explain and evaluate effects of speech variations.
3 Features of spoken language
3.1 Unpolished sentences
3.1.1 not rehearsed
3.1.2 spontaneous and maybe ungrammatical
3.2 Sentences which run on
3.3 Hesitations and pauses
3.4 Repetition
3.5 Fillers
3.6 Contractions (shortened forms)
3.7 Colloquial or loose vocabulary (slang)
3.8 Tag questions (at the end of the sentence)
3.9 Repetition
3.10 Repetiton
3.11 Jargon (terminology or lingo)
3.12 Lexicon (subject specific vocabulary)
3.13 Utterance (a unit of speech)
3.14 Interruptions/overlapping
3.15 Turn-taking (the expected way of conversing with each other
3.16 Phatic talk (things you say out of politeness or because it’s necessary)
3.17 Back-channels (the way of showing a speaker that you’re listening)

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