1.1 In Winter, Edwin Morgan writes about death and the relentless passing of time.
1.1.1 In this poem, Morgan depicts a frozen pond, that becomes a symbol of death.
188.8.131.52 The speaker descirbes the relentless passing of time and death, and shows how vitality fades and as conclusion disappears.
184.108.40.206.1 The metaphor of the pond as life is particularly effective as we see that, with the passing seasons, all
things change and are part of a natural process.
2 Form and Structure
2.1 The speaker uses the past tense to reflect on time and mortality
2.1.1 In the first ten lines, the speaker establishes the setting and melancholic mood of the poem.
220.127.116.11 He considers the passing of the seasons on the pond and, through his word choice and imagery,
reveals death as the central concern of the poem.
2.1.2 In the latter section of the poem, he focuses on one particularly vivid memory to reflect on the
paradox that although death is a certainty, it remains an enigma which even poets’ imaginations
18.104.22.168 The word choice and imagery are powerful and create a bleak sombre mood, while repetition and
enjambment emphasise the inexorable and cyclical nature of the passing of time.
3 Lines 1-10
3.1 "The year goes, the woods decay, and many a summer dies."
3.1.1 Deterioration and death are two prominent ideas from the start. 'Death' and 'decay' contribute to an idea of
ageing and, eventually, passing away. 'Decay' also suggests that, over time, things become less vibrant.
3.2 "The swan on Bingham's pond, a ghost, comes and goes."
3.2.1 The metaphor used links to the idea of ebbing away. It establishes a sense of melancholy, as a swan is supposed to be a beauiful creature that represents pruity, but here it is haunting
3.3 "Blinking in the heavy light"
3.3.1 Oxymoron, creates a vivid impression of the winter sunlight that illuminates but provides little warmth and is
3.4 "Poets would find it."
3.4.1 Optimism emerges, as even though there is lack of colour, the implication is that even in the darkest,
coldest of days, the memory and promise of summer can still be recalled if we allow our
consciousness to find it.
3.5 The contrast between the vitality and energy of summer and the cold stillness of winter is captured
through a description of colour.
3.5.1 We are told that the water, frozen as ice, appears opaque and is "swan-white" and "crystal". This
absence of colour gives an impression of a scene that is drained of life.
4 Line 11-End
4.1 While the ice-skaters provided a moment of lively animation, they too are soon gone. The repition of the negative verbs "fades" and "decay"emphasises the leaching of life from the scene.
4.2 "The woods that fall, decay and break."
4.2.1 All things deterioate.
4.3 "Run off into the darkness and disappear."
4.3.1 Here the blackness becomes the end of the spirit of life, swallowing all sense of lively energy.
4.4 "When fog drives monstrous down the dual-carriageway."
4.4.1 Metaphor- light, which is always a metaphor for something positive has been replaced by fog, which is frightening.
22.214.171.124 The fog causes the light to fade and die. It represents the passing of time
4.5 "That sees nothing and that nothing sees."
4.5.1 Bleak, nihilistic ending. Repetition of "nothing" emphasises the fundamental, cold reality of
death- everything ends.