Acid/Base

Martin Garcia8121
Mind Map by Martin Garcia8121, updated more than 1 year ago
Martin Garcia8121
Created by Martin Garcia8121 almost 5 years ago
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FOR CHEMISTRY
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Acid/Base
1 ARRHENIUS DEFINITION:
1.1 BASE
1.1.1 WHEN THEY BREAK OFF INTO AN AQUEOUS SOLUTION, THEY PRODUCE OH- IONS
1.2 ACID
1.2.1 BREAK OFF INTO WATER TO PRODUCE H+ IONS
2 PROPERTIES
2.1 ACIDS
2.1.1 Have a Ph< 7
2.1.1.1 produce hydrogen gas when reacted with metals.
2.1.1.1.1 red on blue litmus paper
2.1.1.1.1.1 taste sour.
2.2 BASES
2.2.1 Ph>7
2.2.1.1 taste bitter.
2.2.1.1.1 blue colored in red litmus paper
2.2.1.1.1.1 they have an slippery feel while touching them
2.3 BOTH PROPERTIES CAN BE NEUTRALIZED BY WATER
3 PH SCALE DEFINES IF THE SUBSTANCE IS A BASE OR A ACID
3.1
3.1.1 THIS IS A EXAMPLE OF A PH SCALE APLICATED TO COMON LIFE SUBSTANCES
4 NEUTRALIZATION REACTIONS
4.1 THIS IS A SPECIAL PROPERTY THAT ALLOW ACID AD BASES TO NEUTRALIZE EACH OTHERS PROPERTIES
4.1.1 This occurs when a base is mixed with an acid
4.1.1.1 the product of this reaction is always water + a salt
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