1) The USA & THE COLD WAR IN ASIA (1945-75) - Background Information

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A - Level HISTORY-AS Mind Map on 1) The USA & THE COLD WAR IN ASIA (1945-75) - Background Information, created by RevisionMaster on 03/31/2015.

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1) The USA & THE COLD WAR IN ASIA (1945-75) - Background Information
1 THE SITUATION IN 1945
1.1 - August. 1945/ the world was DOMINATED by superpowers- USSR and USA
1.1.1 SUPERPOWERS:
1.1.1.1 a) Status arose, partly from size of country's territory & pop.
1.1.1.2 b) Both USA & USSR were modern powers following, rapid/successful/industrialisation under Stalin
1.1.1.3 c) US = more fertile and more clement (of weather/mild)/gave it an advantage over USSR whose frozen wastes and vast swathes, of unproductive land posed problems for food production, communications & resources.
1.1.1.4 d) Both countries/ made of of diff. states and varied ethnic mixes of peoples gathered together over centuries of expansion & conquest.
1.2 - Was a 'bi-polar' world/ where gov. & pop. fell under one or other SUPERPOWER influence & few were neutral.
1.2.1 - Decisions in USA & USSR, shaped the fate of countries struggling to recover from devastating warfare.
2 UNITED NATIONS:
2.1 a) Churchill//Roosevelt founded the UN organisation, by signing ATLANTIC CHARTER-1941/laid out their goals for post-world war.
2.2 b) Organisation = intended to be an effective peace-keeping power with military capability.
2.3 c) By 1945, 50 members had signed UN charter, formulated by representatives of the main Security Council.
2.3.1 1) China
2.3.2 2) Great Britain
2.3.3 3) USSR
2.3.4 4) USA
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