What was the impact of the Five Year Plans?


Mind Map on What was the impact of the Five Year Plans?, created by 5timesinistanbul on 04/05/2015.
Mind Map by 5timesinistanbul, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by 5timesinistanbul about 8 years ago

Resource summary

What was the impact of the Five Year Plans?
  1. Economic
    1. Positive
      1. An expansion in heavy industry was introduced with the production of coal, steel and iron.
        1. Infastructure was introduced with the establishment of the Moscow metro, Baltic-White sea canal and Magnitogorsk
          1. The economy grew by 4-12% every year which was unusual because world was in great depression and would buy and trade with USSR.
      2. Negatives
        1. unrealistic targets made the five year plans poorly planned
          1. This led to corruption, wastage and bottle necks. An example is the Shakty trial
            1. The Five year plans neglected consumer goods and the chemical industry while the rest of the world was developing their chemical industry
              1. Skilled managers were purged for not meeting unrealistic targets and therefore avoided promotions out of fear of being sent to the .
      3. Political
        1. Bolshevik party stronger because more people moved to the cities and became proletarians.
        2. Social
          1. Positives
            1. There was an end to unemployment with women starting to to work
              1. wages went up and hard workers were rewarded with priviledges.
                1. workers had enough food
            2. Negatives
              1. There was a lack of housing
                1. real wages were not increased and the cost of living was high
                  1. Women were assigned low paid and less skilled jobs and still had to uphold household duties
                    1. There was a climate of fear for all workers
            3. Ideological
              1. Negatives
                1. Promotions and privledges given to workers gives a class difference in cities
                  1. The Stakhanovite Movement was propaganda to encourage workers to try harder
                    1. Peasants were still seen as second class citizens.
                2. Positives
                  1. More proletarians
                    1. No private profit or businesses
                      1. No class differences
                3. Military
                  1. Positive
                    1. Weapon factories were built East of the Ural Mountains to be protected from invasion
                      1. A siege mentality was created
                    2. Negatives
                      1. Weapons did not work becasue of Stalins infatuation with gigantomania
                        1. One gun between two soilders.
                    3. Stalin's Personal Power
                      1. No opponents
                        1. Able to set his own targets
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