Skill is the learned ability to bring
about predetermined results with
maximum certainty, often with the
minimum outlay of time or energy
It requires practice and
develops through experience.
Being skilled involves a
permanent change in
behaviour that will stand the
test of time.
Each skill has a
predetermined objective at
the beginning of the
The phrase 'maximum certainty' is a key element,
reflecting the ability of the performer to repeat the skill
despite differing environmental conditions.
The actions are performed
with coordination and
precision using the
required amount of energy
The actions appear
to flow naturally
rather than forced,
with good balance
The skill is instantly recognisable
and its execution can be
compared to other performers,
allowing an analysis of
performance to occur.
The execution of the skill is
pleasing to observe, appearing
controlled and effective within the
context of the situation.
Types of Skills
Skills that involve thought processes
and intellectual ability. Examples include
devising appropriate strategies and
tactics to outwit an opponent and
Skills that involve physical
movement and muscular control
linked to a specific objective.
Examples include high jump and
Skills that involve the detection and interpretation of
stimuli fro the environment. For example, a netball
player has to locate their team mates location and
their own location.
Combination of perceptual and motor
skills and used during sporting
performance. For example, a rugby
player will have to analyse the
environment to decide whether the best
option is to kick the ball or pass it.
Classification of Skills
Open skills are directly
affected by the
The environment is
The skills require
to suit the situation.
The skills are perceptual and
involve decision making.
They are usually
Decisions need to be made
Closed skills are
affected by the
The environment is stable
The environment is predictable.
The skills can be
when learned or
The skills are
pre-learned in a
set routine and