antimicrobial agents

dingwu.chang
Mind Map by , created about 6 years ago

3 microbiology Mind Map on antimicrobial agents, created by dingwu.chang on 10/05/2013.

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dingwu.chang
Created by dingwu.chang about 6 years ago
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antimicrobial agents
1 cell wall synthesis
1.1 beta-lactam
1.1.1 penicillins
1.1.1.1 natural penicillins
1.1.1.1.1 Pen G (打针)
1.1.1.1.2 Pen V (可口服)
1.1.1.1.3 neisseria, haemophilus
1.1.1.2 beta-lactamase resistant penicillins
1.1.1.2.1 oxacillin, cloxacillin, dicloxacillin, Methicllin
1.1.1.2.1.1 narrow & G +
1.1.1.2.1.2 staphylococcal
1.1.1.3 extended spectrum penicillins
1.1.1.3.1 ampicllin ( testing)
1.1.1.3.2 amoxicillin
1.1.1.3.3 broad
1.1.1.4 anti-pseudomonal penicillins
1.1.1.4.1 carboxy penicllins
1.1.1.4.1.1 carbenicliin, ticarcillin
1.1.1.4.2 ureidopenicilllins
1.1.1.4.2.1 azlocillin, mezlocillin, piperacillin
1.1.2 cephalosporins
1.1.2.1 1st
1.1.2.1.1 G+
1.1.2.1.2 weak to G-
1.1.2.2 2nd
1.1.2.2.1 not anti-pseudomonas
1.1.2.2.2 G- bacilli
1.1.2.3 3rd
1.1.2.3.1 enterobacteriaceae
1.1.2.3.2 pseudomonas
1.1.2.4 4th
1.1.3 orther beta-lactam antibiotics
1.1.3.1 Aztreonam
1.1.3.1.1 effective G-
1.1.3.1.2 ineffective G+ , Anaerobes
1.1.3.1.3 enterobacteriaceae
1.1.3.1.4 pseudomonas
1.2 beta-lactamase inhibitors
1.2.1 clavulanic acid
1.2.2 sulbactam
1.3 Glycopeptides
1.3.1 vancomycin
1.3.1.1 hearing loss
1.3.1.2 G +
1.3.2 teicoplanin
1.4 carbapennems
1.4.1 imipenem
1.4.1.1 no effect on MRSA, VRE
1.4.1.2 widest spectrum
1.5 extended spectrum beta-lactamases ( ESBL's)
2 protein synthesis
2.1 macrolide group
2.1.1 erythromycin
2.2 chloramphenicol
2.2.1 氯霉素
2.3 tetracyclines
2.3.1 terramycin,aureomycin,doxycycline, minocycline
2.4 aminoglycosides
3 DNA & RNA synthesis
3.1 quinolones
3.1.1 fluoroquinolones
3.1.1.1 ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin
3.1.2 nalidixic acid
3.2 metronidazole
4 cell membrane function
4.1 polypeptides
4.1.1 polymyxins
5 other metabolic process
5.1 sulfonamides
5.2 trimethoprim
5.3 nitrofurantoin

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