THE PROTIST MIND MAP

hasvinee
Mind Map by hasvinee, updated more than 1 year ago
hasvinee
Created by hasvinee about 4 years ago
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microbiology-the protists

Resource summary

THE PROTIST MIND MAP
1 Distribution

Annotations:

  • free living moist habitats chemoorganotrophic formsterrestrial and planktonic forms parasitic forms
2 Nutrition

Annotations:

  • 1.Chemoheterotrophic -saprophyte -osmotrophy -holozoic nutrition 2.Photoautotrophic 3.Mixotrophic
3 Morphology

Annotations:

  • 1. Plasma membrane similar to plants/animals 2. Cytoplasm divided into ectoplasm and endoplasm 3. Pellicle structure for support 4. Contractile vacuoles and phagocytic vacuoles 5. Energy production through mitochondria, chloroplast, hydrogenosomes 6. Cilia/flagella for motility/feeding
4 Reproduction

Annotations:

  • Asexual through binary fission Sexual through gamete fusion
5 Protozoa
5.1 Diversity

Annotations:

  • 1. Microscopic 2. Occur singly/in colonies 3. Swim freely/contacts with substratum/be sedentary 4. Housed in a shell 5. Clothed in scales/be naked 6. May/may not be pigmented 7. Parasitic/symbiotic 8. Encystment
5.2 Nutrition

Annotations:

  • 1. Aerobic, anaerobic 2. Photosynthesis 3. Obtain food through ingestion, pinocytosis, phagocytosis, absorption
5.3 Major Group
5.3.1 Archaezoa

Annotations:

  • 1. 2/more flagella 2. move in whiplike manner 3. free-living 4. parasitic-pathogenic 5. freshwater 6. Trypanosoma gambiense 7. African sleeping sickness 8. Live and grow in bloodstream
5.3.2 Apicomplexa

Annotations:

  • 1. Not motile in mature forms 2. Obligate parasites 3. Food absorbed through outer wall 4. Complex life cycle 5. Primarily animal parasites, insects 6. Plasmodium vivax-malaria 7. Toxoplasma-toxoplasmosis
5.3.3 Rhizopoda

Annotations:

  • 1. Amoebas 2. Amoeboid movement by pseudopods 3. Obtain food by phagocytosis 4. Live in freshwater, marine 5. Cause amoeboid dysentery 6. Fecal contamination 7. Amoeba proteus
5.3.4 Ciliophora

Annotations:

  • 1. Posess cilia 2. Micronucleus, macronucleus 3. Paramecium 4. Presence of gullet/cytostome 5. Live in freshwater, marine 6. Balantidium coli
5.4 Characteristics

Annotations:

  • 1. Large eukaryotes 2. No chlorophyll 3. Lack cell wall 4. Lack fruiting body 5. Unicellular 6. Parasitic, pathogenic 7. Aerobic, anaerobic chemoheterotrophs 8. Colourless, motile 9. Sexual and asexual reproduction 10. Found in water and soil
6 Algae
6.1 Characteristics

Annotations:

  • 1. Simple aquatic plants 2. Eukaryotic + chlorophyll and pigments 3. Lack of vascular conducting system 4. Simple reproductive structure 5. Photoautotrophic 6. Unicellular/in colonies 7. Simple/complex filaments 8. Macroscopic 9. Free-floating phytoplankton 10. Attached to rocks/bottom of sea
6.2 Habitat

Annotations:

  • 1. Freshwater, marine, brackish 2. Moist soils, fish tanks, pools 3. Few in dry soils 4. Acidic habitat
6.3 Cell walls

Annotations:

  • 1. Cellulose fibrils modified by addition of polysaccharide 2. Strengthened by calcium carbonate 3. Sometimes chitin/silica 4. No cell wall
6.4 Motility

Annotations:

  • 1. Single flagella-Euglena 2. 2/4 polar flagella-Chlorophyta 3. 2 flagella/different length & point of insertion-Dinoflagellates 4. Not motile in vegetative stage 5. Form motile gametes only during sexual reproduction
6.5 Distribution

Annotations:

  • 1. Aquatic:- a) Planktonic-suspended in aqueous environment b) Benthic-attached & living on the bottom of water c) Neustonic- at water-atmosphere interface 2. Terrestrial-moist rocks, trees, soil Endosymbionts in protozoa, worms, coral, fungi
6.6 Reproduction

Annotations:

  • 1. Asexual 2. Sexual - Fragmentation, Spores, Binary fission
6.7 Ecology

Annotations:

  • 1. Seaweed 2. Human food 3. Secondary products:- a) Alginic acid from brown algae b) Carrageenan from red algae c)  Other applications 4. Macroscopic form 5. Primary producers of the ocean
6.8 Taxonomy
6.8.1 Chlorophyta

Annotations:

  • 1. Green algae 2. Cellulose cell walls 3. Unicellular/multicellular 4. Chlorophyll a and b 5. Store glucose polymer 6. Gave rise to terrestrial plants
6.8.2 Rhodophyta

Annotations:

  • 1. Reddish 2. Delicately branched thalli 3. Chlorophylls a and d, phycocyanin, phycoerythrin 4. Red pigment absorb blue light 5. Multicellular 6. Cellulose/agar cell wall 7. Sexual reproduction 8. Storage material-glucose polymer 9. marine habitant
6.8.3 Euglenophyta

Annotations:

  • 1. Green 2. Unicellular 3. Chlorophylls a and b, carotene 4. Heterotrophic-spontaneously lost chlorophyll 5. No cell wall 6. Rigid plasma membrane-pellicle 7. No sexual reproduction 8. Storage material-glucose polymer 9. Freshwater, marine habitants
6.8.4 Pyrrophyta(Dinoflagellate)

Annotations:

  • 1. Brownish 2. Unicellular plankton 3. 2 flagella in perpendicular opposing grooves 4. Produce neurotoxins 5. Cause red tides 6. Chlorophylls a and c 7. Cellulose cell wall 8. Storage material-starch 9. Freshwater, marine habitants
6.8.5 Chrysophyta(Diatoms-Bacillariophyta)

Annotations:

  • 1. Golden brown 2. Produce domoic acid-domoic acid intoxication 3. Chlorophylls a and c 4. Unicellular 5. Peptin and silica cell wall 6. Sexual reproduction 7. Storage material-oil 8. Fresh water, marine, soil habitants 9. Important in global carbon cycling
6.8.6 Phaeophyta

Annotations:

  • 1. Brownish 2. Macroscopic 3. Chlorophylls a and c, xanthophylls 4. Multicellular 5. Cellulose/algin cell wall 6. Sexual reproduction 7. Storage material-carbohydrate 8. Marine habitant
7 Taxonomy

Annotations:

  • Difficult to define
8 Slime Molds
8.1 Characteristics

Annotations:

  • 1. Resemble fungi in appearance and lifestyle 2. Different in cellular organization, reproduction, lifecycles
8.2 Myxomycota(Plasmodial/acellular)

Annotations:

  • 1. Glistening, viscous masses of slime 2. Saprophytes 3. Multinucleated 4. Motile amoeboid mass(plasmodium) 5. Lack cell wall 6. Phagocytosized dead material
8.3 Peronosporomycetes(Water)

Annotations:

  • 1. Diploid 'egg fungi' (oomycetes/oomycota) 2. No chitin in cell wall 3. Grow in cottony masses on dead algae 4. Parasites of fish gills 5. Plant diseases-blue mold or Irish potato blight 6. Sexual reproduction 7. Decomposers in aquatic ecosystems
8.4 Acrasiomycota(Cellular)

Annotations:

  • 1. Unicellular amoeboid cells 2. Feed phagocytically 3. Plentiful of food 4. Divide by mitosis, cytokinesis
8.5 Distribution

Annotations:

  • 1. Moist terrestrial habitats-soil, decaying wood, dung
8.6 Functions

Annotations:

  • 1. Engulf bacteria 2. Decomposer, producer 3. Recycle nutrients 4. Cause disease in plants
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