Anthropology

dani_lara15
Mind Map by dani_lara15, updated more than 1 year ago
dani_lara15
Created by dani_lara15 over 6 years ago
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Description

Actividad final, parte individual.

Resource summary

Anthropology
  1. Social science
    1. Man: Intelligence and articulate speech
      1. Emic: Local perception.
        1. Etic: Outsider perception.
          1. Family: Basic unit of human societies.
            1. Monagamy: Exclusive couple.
              1. Polygamy: Variable number of spouses or partners.
                1. Polygyny: 1 man, shared by several wifes.
                  1. Polyandry: 1 woman, several husbands.
                  2. Exogamous marriage: Marriage outside the individual with which one is directly related.
                    1. Affinity: Set of relationships that link two groups through marriage.
                      1. Society: Gathering of people related by common laws.
                        1. Social group
                          1. Cultural ecology: Set of principles, methodologies and concepts applied to the study of human being, its society and culture.
                          2. State: Political unit with an independent government.
                            1. Regions of Mexico
                              1. Northwestern region: Baja California, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Sonora and Sinaloa.
                                1. Central and Western Region
                                  1. Southeastern Region: Campeche, Chiapas, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz and Yucatan.
                                    1. Identity
                                      1. Mexican identity
                                        1. Regionalism: Figure of speech in different places
                                      2. Northeastern region: Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi and Tamaulipas
                                      3. Population growth
                                  2. Magic: Hidden powers in nature.
                                    1. Myth: Stories that rebuild places and characters.
                                      1. Religion
                                        1. Sacred: Beliefs and rituals
                                          1. Cults
                                            1. Individualist
                                              1. Shamanist
                                                1. Community
                                                  1. Ecclesiastical
                                                2. Profane: Ordinary events of everyday life.
                                            2. Theories
                                              1. Functionalism and structural functionalism: Role of traditions and institutions. Structural, add the place it occupies in the structure of society.
                                                1. Diffusionism: The classic ancient cultures are the center of origin from where its knowledge spread the world.
                                                  1. Culture: Learned set of traditions and lifestyles.
                                                    1. Enculturation: Learning processof the culture.
                                                      1. Acculturation: Exchange of cultural features.
                                                        1. Otherness: Identity is discovered by observing the diversity of others.
                                                          1. Ethnocentrism: Judging other cultures using own cultural standards.
                                                      2. Historical particularism: Race, language and culture are elements independent from the human conditions.
                                                        1. Evolutionism: Developed of human societies progressively and continuosly.
                                                          1. French structuralism: There is a universal structure for all cultures.
                                                            1. Culture and personality: Relates cultural practices and beliefs of the individual with his personality and vice versa.
                                                              1. Neo-evolutionism: Amount of energy that could be captured and put into execution by person.
                                                              2. Sub-disciplines
                                                                1. Cultural anthropology: Analysis and description of cultures.
                                                                  1. Physical anthropology: Physical characteristics of humans through the fossils.
                                                                    1. Archaeology: Material remains of past cultures.
                                                                      1. Anthropogical linguistics: Languages spoken by the existing human groups.
                                                                      2. Stages
                                                                        1. Description: Stories and accounts of representatives of religious orders that came along with the conquerors
                                                                          1. Laws of the functioning: Professionalization of anthropology.
                                                                            1. Laws of evolution: Emergence of anthropology as a formal science
                                                                            2. Qualitative method: Present elements that drive us to give answers and explanations.
                                                                              1. Ethnography: Extensieve description of all those aspects of everyday life of a particular culture.
                                                                                1. Field work
                                                                                  1. Techniques
                                                                                    1. Life story
                                                                                      1. Testimony
                                                                                        1. Semi-structured interview
                                                                                          1. Focus group
                                                                                            1. Participant observation
                                                                                              1. Field diary
                                                                                                1. Documents
                                                                                                  1. Direct observation
                                                                                                    1. Conversation
                                                                                                      1. Key informants
                                                                                                        1. Geneological method
                                                                                                          1. Investigation oriented to problems
                                                                                                            1. Longitudinal investigation
                                                                                                              1. Team investigation
                                                                                                        2. Areas and applications
                                                                                                          1. Urban: Study of human behavior in large cities
                                                                                                            1. Medical: Study of social perceptions of disease.
                                                                                                              1. Cultural marketing: Techniques and procedures for anthropological research.
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