History Revision- Causes of WW1 for Year 10 mock

georgina kiff
Mind Map by georgina kiff, updated more than 1 year ago
georgina kiff
Created by georgina kiff about 5 years ago
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Mind map on causes of WW1

Resource summary

History Revision- Causes of WW1 for Year 10 mock
1 Alliances
1.1 1879- Dual Alliance = between Germany and Austria-Hungary
1.2 1882- Triple Alliance= Italy joined the Dual Alliance
1.3 1892- Franco-Russian Alliance= against the Triple Alliance
1.4 1904: Entente Cordiale= between Britain and France
1.5 1907: Anglo-Russian Entente= completes the Triple Entente between Russia, Britain and France
2 Military and Arms Race
2.1 Between 1900 and 1914 Germany attempted to double the size of its Navy
2.2 Two Power Standard policy

Annotations:

  • Britain created the policy so that their navy would be as big as the next two strongest navies in Europe put together. This was so they were never out numbered.
2.3 Dreadnoughts

Annotations:

  • Britain built the first Dreadnought which is a new and superior battleship. However, in 1907-8 Germany builts its own version but Britain had the new, bigger kind.
2.3.1 1914- Britain= 29 Dreadnoughts
2.3.2 1914- Germany= 17 Dreadnoughts
3 The two crises
3.1 Agadir 1911
3.1.1 French troops were sent to Fez to fight off Moroccan rebels.
3.1.2 Germany accused France of trying to take control over Morocco
3.1.3 Germany sent a warship called the 'Panther' to Agadir to force France into giving them the French Congo
3.1.4 Britain sent warships over to because they thought Germany was building a Naval base in Agadir
3.1.5 Germany backed down and recognised French influence in Morocco
3.2 Moroccan 1905-6
3.2.1 Morocco was an uncolonised African country
3.2.2 France wanted the country to add to their empire
3.2.3 Germany objected to the idea and demanded an international conference
3.2.4 In the Algeciras Conference in 1906, Germany were forced to back down by British, Italian, Russian and Spanish support for France taking control of Morocco's police and banks
4 The Outbreak of War
4.1 The Black Hand
4.1.1 Started in Serbia
4.1.2 Aimed to unite all Serbian people
4.1.3 Austria-Hungary had many Serbian citizens and feared rebellion
4.2 Franz Ferdinand's Assassination
4.2.1 Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the heir to the Austro-Hungary throne
4.2.2 He travelled to Bosnia to strengthen the loyalty of the Bosina people to Austria-Hungary
4.2.3 June 1914- Franz Ferdinand was assassinate by a Serb student called Princip in Sarajevo
4.2.4 Princip was a member of the Black Hand
4.2.5 Austria was furious
4.3 Events moved quickly towards war
4.3.1 23rd of July

Annotations:

  • Austria-Hungary blames Serbian government for the assassination, demanding compensation and right to send troops into Serbia
4.3.2 28th july

Annotations:

  • Serbia refuses to let troops in
4.3.3 29th July

Annotations:

  • Russia begins mobilising troops ready to help Serbia
4.3.4 30th July

Annotations:

  • Germany demands that Russia stop mobilising
4.3.5 1st August

Annotations:

  • Russia refuses. Germany declares war on Russia
4.3.6 2nd August

Annotations:

  • France begins mobilising to help Russia
4.3.7 3rd August

Annotations:

  • Germany declares war on France
4.3.8 4th August

Annotations:

  • Germany sends troops through Belgium to attack France, following the Schlieffen Plan. Beligium is neutral, and Britain has agreed to protect Belgium. Britain orders Germany to withdraw but Germany refuses. Britain declares war on Germany
4.3.9 6th August

Annotations:

  • Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
5 The Five main Rival Nations
5.1 Britain
5.1.1 ruled an empire of over one quarter of the worlds people and owned rich industries
5.1.2 It had a strong navy to protect itself from invasions
5.1.3 In the 19th century Britain followed a policy of 'splendid isolation'- it didn't get involved in European polotics
5.1.4 185 warships
5.1.5 700,000 men in the army
5.2 France
5.2.1 62 warships
5.2.2 1,000,000 men in the army
5.2.3 Had an overseas empire
5.2.4 Bitter about the loss of Alsace and Lorraine to Germany in the Franco-Prussian War in 1871
5.3 Russia
5.3.1 biggest but poorest country in Europe
5.3.2 Ruled by Tsar Nicholas II
5.3.3 No land overseas but wanted land in Europe and Asia, with access to the sea
5.3.4 30 warships
5.3.5 1,200,000 men in the army
5.4 Austria-Hungary
5.4.1 Central European empire made up of 10 different nationalities - many of whom wanted independence
5.4.2 Ruled by Emperor Franz Joseph I
5.4.3 28 warships
5.4.4 800,000 men in the army
5.5 Germany
5.5.1 Had a small empire
5.5.2 Ruled by Kaiser Wilhelm II
5.5.3 jealous of Britain's superior sea power and rich colonies
5.5.4 100 warships
5.5.5 2,000,000 men in the army
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