Phil HL - Karl Marx - Functionalist Theory

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Phil HL Karl Marx, Functionalist Theory

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Phil HL - Karl Marx - Functionalist Theory
1 For
1.1 Religion plays a part in social structure
1.1.1 Caste system
1.1.2 slavery (was justified)
1.1.3 divine rights of kings
1.2 religion is strong among poor immigrant groups
2 Against
2.1 people engage in religion purposes:
2.1.1 psychological
2.1.2 integrative
2.1.3 explanitory
2.2 secularisation
2.2.1 Marx is no longer relevant
2.2.2 the media plays the role
2.3 There is no evidence that religion will disappear when oppression is removed
2.4 examples of religion leading revolt
2.4.1 racial equality (MLK was a Christian)
3 What is it?
3.1 The ideal society is a communist one.
3.1.1 no religion
3.1.2 no classes
3.2 In a non-communist society there are:
3.2.1 the proletariat (working class)
3.2.2 bourgeoisie (middle & upper class)
3.2.3 Marx believed one day the proletariat would rise up against the bourgeoisie Then there would be no need for religion.
3.3 Religion:
3.3.1 is a social construct
3.3.2 numbs the pain of oppression promise of paradise 'the meek shall inherit the earth' there are rewards in the afterlife for suffering
3.3.3 Promotes the positions of the rulers (God given) justifies social order
3.3.4 does not solve the problem of oppression (hope of supernatural intervention)
4 'Religion is the opium of the people'
5 Religion is an ideological smoke screen (it hides oppression)
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