grammar level 5

siham
Mind Map by siham, updated more than 1 year ago
siham
Created by siham over 6 years ago
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Description

grammar of level 5

Resource summary

grammar level 5
  1. future tense
    1. future will

      Annotations:

      • form : sub + will + base form of verb i will go to London.
      1. uses:
        1. prediction

          Annotations:

          • i think it will rain.
          1. spontaneous descision

            Annotations:

            • We don't have much sugar , I will bring some.
            1. promises

              Annotations:

              • I promise you , I will call you when I reach home.
              1. offer & request

                Annotations:

                • Will you bring me some coffee.
                1. threat & warning

                  Annotations:

                  • I won't give you sweet.
              2. future going to

                Annotations:

                • form:  sub+ be + going to + base verb they are going to travel.she is going to visit me.I am going to study English.
                • time expressions: tomorrow tonight next this month....
                1. future progressive

                  Annotations:

                  • form : sub + will 
                  •  form : sub + will be + ving  at 9 oclock tomorrow , he will be flying to London
                  1. future perfect simple

                    Annotations:

                    • form:  sub + will have + p.p. I will have gone before they visit him. they will have eaten by the time you arrive
                    • time expressions: by the time / by then /  before
                    1. future perfect progressive

                      Annotations:

                      • form: sub + will have been + ving It focuses on the duration of the action.
                      • time expressions: by / by the time / by then / before By midnight , we will have been flying for 7 hours.
                      1. time clauses

                        Annotations:

                        • as soon as / when / after / before until / by the time / as /while When I arrive , I will give you a call. Notice: time clause NEVER comes in future but  it is in the present tense the second part could be in the future
                      2. past tense
                        1. past simple

                          Annotations:

                          • form: sub+ past tense i went to the mall yesterday. time expression: ago / yesterday / last / in 1897....
                          1. past progressive

                            Annotations:

                            • form: sub + (was / were ) + ving they were playing tennis.
                            • time clauses: when / as / while / as soon as I was watching TV ,when the phone rang. As /While they were playing tennis , Ali fell down. As soon as he arrived , he cooked dinner.
                            1. past perfect simple

                              Annotations:

                              • form: sub + had + p.p they had gone to the mall before she left.
                              1. past perfect progressive

                                Annotations:

                                • notice: always progressive focuses on the duration of the action
                                • form: sub+ had been + ving i had been cleaning the room for five hours
                                • time expressions: for / since / how long / by the time
                              2. present tense
                                1. present simple

                                  Annotations:

                                  • form: sub+ v(s) they go to school every day he often plays tennis  time expression: always / often / every
                                  1. present progressive

                                    Annotations:

                                    •  be careful: stative verbs always in present simple they don't come in the progressive tense. 
                                    • form : sub + be + ving time expressions: now / this month..... these days.... next / tonight / tomorrow
                                    1. present perfect simple

                                      Annotations:

                                      • form : sub+ has / have + p.p they have gone to the mall she has written the report
                                      • time expressions: already / just / before / after
                                      1. present perfect progressive

                                        Annotations:

                                        • the main difference between the present perfect and the present perfect progressive is that the progressive focuses on the duration of the action while present perfect focuses on the result of the action
                                        • time expressions:  for / since / how long / all for example:we have been working all day.we have worked before we leave.
                                      2. nouns
                                        1. countable
                                          1. add (s) to plural
                                          2. uncountables
                                            1. we don't add (s) there is no plural form
                                          3. quantifiers
                                            1. countable plural

                                              Annotations:

                                              • many: there are many students a few:  I need a few pens for the students few: there are few cars in the park some: there are some new cups any : there aren't any one. alot of / plenty of / lots of there are a lot of books on the desk.
                                              1. uncountable nouns

                                                Annotations:

                                                • a little there is a little water  some  there is some juice in the cup. any i dont have any milk little : i have little rice much: there are much cream on the cake.
                                              2. conditional sentences
                                                1. type 1

                                                  Annotations:

                                                  • if you study hard you will pass the exam. part 1 ( present simple) part2 (future)
                                                  1. type 2

                                                    Annotations:

                                                    • if she were you , she wouldn't come here. part1 ( past) part 2 (would)
                                                    1. zero

                                                      Annotations:

                                                      • if water reaches 100 degrees , it boils. part 1 ( present simple) part 2( present simple)
                                                    2. articles

                                                      Annotations:

                                                      • the  (unique things ) a  ( to mention sth for the first time an ( before vowels)
                                                      1. new forms of comparison

                                                        Annotations:

                                                        • comparative + and + comparative: it is getting more and more higher. the +comparative , the + comparative:  the more you study the better you will do in the test.
                                                        1. infinitive
                                                          1. full

                                                            Annotations:

                                                            • to + v too / enough to express purpose after certain verbs after certain adj after question words
                                                            1. bare

                                                              Annotations:

                                                              • base form of verb: after modals after (let / make) after ( would rather / had better
                                                              1. ing- form

                                                                Annotations:

                                                                • (v+ing) as subject after certain verbs after certain expressions
                                                              2. modal verbs

                                                                Annotations:

                                                                • could  must have to  had better  with their negative forms
                                                                1. relative clauses

                                                                  Annotations:

                                                                  • who (pple) which ( things / ideas / animals) where (places) when (time)
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