German Democracy in Crisis, 1919-1922

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From notes of Edexcel As History, From Second Reich to Third Reich: Germany, 1918-45
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German Democracy in Crisis, 1919-1922
1 The Extreme Right
1.1 German Nationalist Party (DNVP) won average of 10% of vote in 1920's elections
1.1.1 limited electoral support but had money and influence
1.1.2 A lot of paramilitary forces
1.2 Hatred for Weimar
1.2.1 Extreme right used to be Germany's ruling class, lost this in the Weimar Republic
1.2.2 Viewed Weimar as a collection of socialists, Catholics and Jewish people
1.2.2.1 e.g people they didn't like
1.2.3 The 'November Criminals' had signed the Treaty of Versailles
1.2.3.1 e.g 'stab in the back'
2 The Treaty of Versailles, 1919
2.1 Territorial Provisions
2.1.1 Alsace-Lorraine returned to France
2.1.2 Rhineland to become a demilitarised zone
2.1.3 Output of Saar coalfield to go to France for 15 years
2.2 Territorial Losses
2.2.1 'Polish Corridor' given to new state of Poland
2.2.2 Memel, Upper Silesia and Danzig all lost
2.3 War Guilt/Reparations
2.3.1 Full responsibility for starting WW1
2.3.2 £6,600 million was to be paid
2.4 Disarmament
2.4.1 Army restricted to 100,000 men
2.4.2 No tanks for heavy artillery
2.4.3 No airforce
2.4.4 some ships, including 6 small battleships, but no submarines
2.5 Colonies
2.5.1 Germany was stripped of the whole of its overseas empire
2.6 People branded as a 'Diktat' - a dictated peace
3 The Kapp Putsch, 1920
3.1 Freikorps and army =250,000 but had to be reduced to 100,000
3.1.1 Freikorps disbanded BUT there was a promise to merge them with army to defend republic, government went ahead and disbanded then
3.1.2 1
3.2 In 1920 Ehrhardt Brigade also told to disband
3.2.1 Commander Ehrhardt threathened to 'topple' the Republic
3.2.2 2
3.3 von Luttwitz and Kapp were involved
3.4 Forces ordered into Berlin and proclaim an overthrow
3.4.1 Government fled capital and ordered army to sort it out, army refused
3.4.2 3
3.5 Threat of strikes brought the end of the Putsch
3.5.1 4
3.6 It was poorly organised
4 Organisation Consul
4.1 After failure of Kapp Putsch, Ehrhardt returned to Germany
4.2 Assassinated Erzberger in 1921
4.2.1 Due to him being a 'November Criminal'
4.3 Assassinated Rathanau in 1922
4.3.1 Primarily because he was Jewish
5 The Extreme Left
5.1 Were angry due to a failure of a communist Germany at the end of WW1
5.1.1 Also angry at brutality that faced KPDs leader
5.2 Disintigration of Independent Socialist Party gave 400,000 new members
5.3 1920 Revolt in Ruhr, 1921 Revolt in Saxony, both put down by army
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