Key Criticisms of the Cosmological Argument and Possible Responses

Jessica Anne
Mind Map by Jessica Anne, updated more than 1 year ago
Jessica Anne
Created by Jessica Anne over 6 years ago
8
1

Description

A-Level Religious Studies (AS ) Mind Map on Key Criticisms of the Cosmological Argument and Possible Responses, created by Jessica Anne on 05/10/2015.

Resource summary

Key Criticisms of the Cosmological Argument and Possible Responses
  1. Infinte Regress is not Possible
    1. The possibility of infinite regress : The Ocillating Theory. If infinte regress is not possible then who caused God?
      1. Big Bang Theory is preferred. God is not one more in series but something outside of sequence. The evidence leads to God having that characteristic of all actuality.
    2. The universe is 'just there' - It provides no explanation
      1. Possibility of universe as a brute fact. Rejection of principle of sufficient reason. No explanation needed - just a brute fact.
        1. Explanation sought in every other area of enquiry. If there is explanation then it could be God. God is the explanation that requires no further explanation.
      2. The universe must have a cause
        1. Because an event in the universe has a cause, it doesn't mean that the universe itself must therefore has a cause (fallacy of composition).
          1. Composition is not always a fallacy e.g. every part of a silver coin is silver, therefore the whole coin is silver.
        2. Identity of necessary being as God.
          1. Why should the identity of the necessary being equate to God?
            1. Aquinas never claimed the necessary being showed the attributes of God in the Christian tradition, but it is consistent with the idea of a transcendent being.
          2. Argument based on Observation
            1. It draws a conclusion that goes beyond the evidence. David Hume argued that we could not have knowledge about concepts such as cause and necessary beings as they were not open to the empirical approach
              1. We distinguish between cause and coincidence. Reason also leads to knowledge.
            Show full summary Hide full summary

            Similar

            Crime and Punishment Flashcards - Edexcel GCSE Religious Studies Unit 8
            nicolalennon12
            Peace and Conflict Flashcards - Edexcel GCSE Religious Studies Unit 8
            nicolalennon12
            BELIEVING IN GOD- UNIT 1, SECTION 1- RELIGIOUS STUDIES GCSE EDEXCEL
            Khadijah Mohammed
            Rights and Responsibilities Flashcards - Edexcel GCSE Religious Studies Unit 8
            nicolalennon12
            MATTERS OF LIFE AND DEATH - UNIT 1, SECTION 2 - RELIGIOUS STUDIES GCSE EDEXCEL
            Khadijah Mohammed
            Religious Studies- Matters of life and death
            Emma Samieh-Tucker
            Religious Studies- Marriage and the family
            Emma Samieh-Tucker
            Carbohydrates
            Jubby
            Bowlby's Theory of Attachment
            Jessica Phillips
            Key Terms - Religion and community cohesion
            jackson.r08
            Believing in God Flashcards - Edexcel GCSE Religious Studies Unit 3
            georgialennon