CHILDREN'S RIGHTS

jennietcollins
Mind Map by , created over 4 years ago

mind map across bks 1,3,4 on child's rights

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jennietcollins
Created by jennietcollins over 4 years ago
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CHILDREN'S RIGHTS
1 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
1.1 opened for signature in 1979. Came into force 1989
1.1.1 only Somali and usa not signed
1.1.1.1 USA ARGUE IT GOES AGAINST NATIONAL SOVERIGNTY OF INDIVIDUAL STATES
1.2 54 legally binding articles based on chronological age
1.2.1 1)health, 2)education, 3)nationality,4)family 5)the right to partake in decision making
1.2.1.1 EDUCATION
1.2.1.1.1 CHILDREN HAVE THE RIGHT TO GO TO SCHOOL, NO CONTRARTING RIGHT OF NOT NEEDING TO ATTEND
1.2.1.1.1.1 can be linked with child work
1.2.1.1.1.1.1 JENS QVORTRUP: for children education is productive work - they are future educated workforce (book 3)
1.2.1.2 decision making
1.2.1.2.1 shaping their environment is one way this happens
1.2.1.2.1.1 Non Government Organisations
1.2.1.2.1.1.1 concerned for working children India. The child worker is able to define and research concerns that shape their every day life
1.2.1.3 HEALTH
1.2.1.3.1 ensure the development and survival of the child
1.2.1.3.1.1 child has the right to enjoy highest attainable standard of health and health care facilities
1.2.1.4 Family
1.2.1.4.1 children's rights are best protected within families
1.2.2 these are not negotiable at local level
1.3 children's rights are human rights
1.3.1 children are equal to adults
1.3.1.1 MICHAEL FREEMAN - UNCRC shifted the intervention in children's lives from protection to autonomy
1.4 based on premise that children need special protection
1.4.1 link with the romantics, Rousseau, social construction childhood is seperate
1.5 the terms rights and duties do not feature in the UNCRC in realtion to children only in reference to parents
2 UNCRC'S belief that the a person is an autonomous individual doesn't easily translate into other societies where children are see as parent's dependants and sometimes their property (BK 4)
2.1 ERICA BURMAN (1996)
2.2 African Charter on the rights and welfare of the child 1990 (bk 4)
2.2.1 stresses the rights and duties of the child
2.2.1.1
2.2.1.2 both adults and children have duties
2.2.2 deals with culturally relevant issues within Africa
2.2.2.1
2.2.3 children are expected to care for their parents, communities and Africa itself
2.3 CULTURAL RELATIVISM (bk 1)
2.3.1 UNCRC from an anthropological standpoint fails to consider the role of local perspectives in defining rights and what childhood is
2.3.2 Anthropologists are uneasy about universal model of childhood based on chronological age and idea that everyone under 18 is a child
2.3.2.1 example of child brides (bk 1 pg 188)
2.4

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